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analogy

analogy  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A respect in which one thing is similar to another. The analogical extension of terms is the way in which a term covers similar things: people, bottles, and rivers have mouths. Shops, boxes, ...
blazon

blazon  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A poetic catalogue of a woman's admirable physical features, common in Elizabethanlyric poetry: an extended example is Sidney's ‘What tongue can her perfections tell?’ The Petrarchan conventions of ...
conceit

conceit  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
An elaborate metaphor comparing two apparently dissimilar objects or emotions, often with an effect of shock or surprise. The Petrarchan conceit, much imitated by Elizabethan sonneteers and both used ...
epic simile

epic simile  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
An extended simile which compares one composite action with another, often with a digressive effect; it originates in Homer, and was imitated by Virgil, Dante, and, in English, notably by Milton. It ...
euphuism

euphuism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
An artificial, highly elaborate way of writing or speaking. Recorded from the late 16th century, the word comes from late 16th century: from Euphues, the name of a character in John Lyly's prose ...
figure of speech

figure of speech  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Any form of expression in which language is manipulated for rhetorical effect. Around ad 95, Quintilian defined the figure of speech as ‘a departure from the simple and straightforward method of ...
image

image  

1 The representation of an object that is produced when electromagnetic radiation passes through it or is reflected from it. Visible images are formed when light impinges on the retina, and various ...
imagery

imagery  

A rather vague critical term covering those uses of language in a literary work that evoke sense-impressions by literal or figurative reference to perceptible or ‘concrete’ objects, scenes, actions, ...
Martian poets

Martian poets  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The term applied in the 1980s to a small group of poets in Britain whose work is marked by the prominence of surprising visual metaphors, similes, and conceits. The leading figures are Christopher ...
metalepsis

metalepsis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A second-order device in rhetoric in which one metonym refers to another metonym as for example in the famous description of Helen of Troy as the ‘face that launched a thousand ships’. In ...
metaphor

metaphor  

A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. Recorded from the late 15th century, the word comes via French and Latin from ...
parable

parable  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson, as told by Jesus in the Gospels. Recorded from Middle English, the word comes via Old French from an ecclesiastical Latin sense ...
trope

trope  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
Rhetorical figures of speech that can be found not just in written and spoken language but in all forms of communication. Traditionally the four ‘master tropes’ are regarded as being: metaphor, ...

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