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Philip Sidney

(1554—1586) author and courtier

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Abraham Fraunce

Abraham Fraunce  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1558?–1592/3) English poetThe Arcadian Rhetorike (1588) Non-FictionThe Lawiers Logike (1588) Non-FictionThe Countesse of Pembrokes Emanuel (1591) PoetryThe Countesse of Pembrokes Ivychurch (1591) ...
Adonais

Adonais  

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Overview Page
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Literature
The name given by Shelley to Keats in the pastoral elegy Adonais (1821), written on the death of Keats, and likening him to the Greek god of beauty and fertility; the origin of the name Adonais is ...
Aethiopica

Aethiopica  

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Overview Page
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Literature
A Greek romance by the 3rd‐cent. ad Syrian Heliodorus of Emesa. The lovers are parted and there is emphasis on travel through strange lands and on maintenance of chastity in the face of temptations, ...
Alberico Gentili

Alberico Gentili  

Alberico Gentili (1552–1608), born in San Ginesio (near Macerata, Italy), graduated as doctor of law in 1572 at the University of Perugia. His father Matteo, a physician, was forced as ...
Alessandro Farnese

Alessandro Farnese  

(1545–92),Duke of Parma, soldier, and statesman, born in Rome on 27 August 1545, the son of Ottavio Farnese, duke of Parma, and Margaret of Austria. He accompanied his mother ...
alexandrine

alexandrine  

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Literature
An iambic line of twelve syllables or six feet. The term comes (in the late 16th century) from French, from Alexandre (see Alexander1), the subject of an Old French poem in this metre.
Algernon Sidney

Algernon Sidney  

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Philosophy
(1622–83),the grandnephew of Sir P. Sidney, took up arms against Charles I and was wounded at Marston Moor. He was employed on government service until the Restoration, but his firm republicanism ...
Arcadia

Arcadia  

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Literature
A prose romance by Sir P. Sidney, including poems and pastoral eclogues in a wide variety of verse forms. It exists in two versions: the first, completed by 1581, and much of it written at Wilton, is ...
Arcadia

Arcadia  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A series of verse eclogues connected by prose narrative, published 1504 by Sannazar.
Arcadia

Arcadia  

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Overview Page
A bleak and mountainous district in the central Peloponnese which became, as a result of references in Virgil's Eclogues, the traditional and incongruous location of the idealized world of the ...
Arthur Golding

Arthur Golding  

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Literature
(1535/6–1606)Translator into English of Latin and French works, including Ovid's Metamorphoses (1565, 1567), Caesar's Gallic War (1565), the Roman historian Justin's abbreviation of Trogus Pompeius ...
As You Like It

As You Like It  

A comedy by Shakespeare, first printed in the Folio of 1623, registered 1600 and probably written 1599–1600. Shakespeare's chief source was Lodge's Rosalynde.Frederick has usurped the dominions of ...
Astrophel

Astrophel  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A pastoral elegy, written by Spenser in ?1591–5 on the death of Sir P. Sidney. Spenser had previously lamented him in ‘The Ruines of Time’.
Baldassare Castiglione

Baldassare Castiglione  

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Literature
(1478–1529)Italian courtier, diplomat, humanist, and author in a variety of genres. His best‐known work is Il libro del cortegiano (1528), translated into English as The Courtyer (1561) by Sir ...
Barnabe Barnes

Barnabe Barnes  

(1571–1609),attempted, in 1598, to kill the recorder of Berwick with poisoned claret, but he successfully evaded sentence. He published a sonnet sequence, Parthenophil and Parthenophe: Sonnettes, ...
battle of Zutphen

battle of Zutphen  

1586.During the Netherlands War of Independence, Elizabeth I sent troops under the earl of Leicester to aid the rebels. In 1586 they laid siege to Zutphen, defended by a Spanish garrison under Prince ...
blazon

blazon  

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Overview Page
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Literature
A poetic catalogue of a woman's admirable physical features, common in Elizabethanlyric poetry: an extended example is Sidney's ‘What tongue can her perfections tell?’ The Petrarchan conventions of ...
Certain Sonnets

Certain Sonnets  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
32 sonnets and poems by Sir P. Sidney appended to editions of the Arcadia from 1598 onwards.
closet drama

closet drama  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A play – often in verse – written to be read rather than performed, such as The Dynasts (1904–8) by Thomas Hardy (which later was adapted for performance by Granville ...
Cupid

Cupid  

God of Love, usually depicted as a winged male child with bow and arrow, as distinct from an unarmed Cherub or wingless putto. See amorino.

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