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Abruzzi

Abruzzi  

The Abruzzi covered the whole south-east part of the duchy of Spoleto. The region was characterised by the weakness of its urban network, destroyed at the time of the Lombard ...
Adelard of Bath

Adelard of Bath  

(c.1070–c.1145)English Benedictine remembered as a conduit for the introduction of Arabic astronomy and philosophy to the West.
Aeneas

Aeneas  

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In classical mythology, a Trojan leader, son of Anchises and Aphrodite, and legendary ancestor of the Romans. When Troy fell to the Greeks he escaped and after wandering for many years eventually ...
Aeschylus

Aeschylus  

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Athenian tragic poet (?525/4–456/5 bc). He fought in the battle of Marathon. His first tragic production was in 499, his first victory in 484. He gained thirteen victories altogether. His epitaph ...
Aghlabids

Aghlabids  

A 9th-c. Arab dynasty, the Aghlabids governed Ifrīkiya in the name of the Abbasids, with Kairouan for capital. Rapidly becoming autonomous, the Aghlabids made Ifrīkiya the most powerful and ...
Alfonso V of Aragon

Alfonso V of Aragon  

(1396–1458)Eldest son of Fernando de Antequera (Fernando I, 1414–16) and Leonor of Albuquerque, Alfonso was a Castilian prince of the Trastámara family who acceded to the Crown of Aragon ...
Andrea Camilleri

Andrea Camilleri  

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Literature
(1925– ).Sicilian novelist who was formerly a theatre director and television producer in Rome. After a first novel, Il corso delle cose (1978), he did not publish again seriously until ...
Andrea Da Barberino

Andrea Da Barberino  

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Literature
(c. 1370–1431/3).Florentine author of the most compendious prose versions of the Carolingian chivalric narratives, which gather material from a wide range of French and Franco-Veneto texts to form a ...
Angevins of Naples

Angevins of Naples  

The Angevins of Naples, princes of French royal blood, were two successive families from Anjou, who ruled the kingdom of Naples in the late Middle Ages. It officially kept the ...
Anjou

Anjou  

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French dynasty implanted in Italy by Charles I (1227–85), youngest son of Louis VIII. Supporting papal claims against the Hohenstaufen [see frederick ii], Charles defeated Manfredi at Benevento ...
anthology

anthology  

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Literature
A published collection of poems or other pieces of writing; a similar collection of songs or musical compositions issued in one album. The word comes, in the mid 17th century, via French or medieval ...
Antonio Veneziano

Antonio Veneziano  

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Literature
(1543–93),Italian poet, born in Monreale (Sicily). In 1578 he was captured by Barbary pirates. He later visited Spain, where he died in prison. He wrote poetry both in his ...
Antony, St, of Padua

Antony, St, of Padua  

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Religion
(1188/95–1231), Franciscan friar. When he was 15 he joined the Augustinian Canons. He was deeply moved when the relics of some Franciscans killed in Morocco were brought to Coimbra in 1220; he ...
Aragon

Aragon  

An autonomous region of NE Spain, bounded on the north by the Pyrenees and on the east by Catalonia and Valencia; capital, Saragossa. Formerly an independent kingdom, which was conquered in the 5th ...
Arnaut Daniel

Arnaut Daniel  

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Literature
(late 12th c.).Provençal Troubadour, acknowledged as the major practitioner of the difficult style (trobar clus). He influences Italian Lyric Poets from the Sicilians to Petrarch. In the rime petrose ...
Arnold of Villanova

Arnold of Villanova  

(c.1240–1311)His date and place of birth are unknown, but Arnaldus de Villa Nova called himself a Catalan and from boyhood he lived at Valencia, in the territories recently reconquered ...
Augustine of Ancona

Augustine of Ancona  

(1270–1328)Augustinus Triumphus, a native of Ancona, Hermit of St Augustine, studied at Paris from 1297 to 1300; he later commented on Lombard's Book of Sentences before becoming reader at ...
Aurora Sanseverino

Aurora Sanseverino  

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Literature
(1669–1730).Sicilian noblewoman, who entered the Arcadia Academy as Lucinda Coritesia, and wrote Petrarchan sonnets which were included in the Rime degli Arcadi (1716).[Carlo Caruso]
Bartolo Cattafi

Bartolo Cattafi  

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Literature
(1922–79).Poet. Born in the province of Messina in Sicily, he trained as a lawyer and then worked in advertising in Milan. Travels in Africa and Europe were the inspiration ...
baths

baths  

[Co]A feature of all Roman towns and cities as well as private houses throughout the empire. From the 1st century bc onwards, the tradition of bathing became a major social institution. See thermae.

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