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Akimoto Matsuyo

Akimoto Matsuyo  

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(1911–2001)One of the leading women playwrights of post-war Japan, Akimoto was a student of the leftist playwright Miyoshi Jūrō (1902–58), and her debut work, A Sprinkling of Dust, was ...
alternative theatre

alternative theatre  

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A phrase often used to embrace the successive waves of unconventional theatre and performance groups that formed almost everywhere in the second half of the twentieth century, especially following ...
angura

angura  

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Japanese avant-garde movement, also called ‘little theatre’ (shōgekijō) movement. Angura (‘underground’) rose from a dissatisfaction with the politics and aesthetics of orthodox modern theatre ...
Betsuyaku Minoru

Betsuyaku Minoru  

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(1937– )Manchurian-born Japanese absurdist playwright. In 1961 Betsuyaku established the Free Stage (Jiyū Butai) with Suzuki, the precursor to the Waseda Little Theatre. His Elephant (1962, trans. ...
Hirata Oriza

Hirata Oriza  

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(1962– )Japanese playwright, director, and critic, a leading exponent of the ‘quiet theatre’ (shizuka na engeki) movement of the 1990s. In a hyper-realistic and understated dramaturgy, Hirata's plays ...
Kanze Hisao

Kanze Hisao  

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(1925–78)Japanese actor. The eldest son of Kanze Gasetsu, the seventh Tetsunojo (1898–1988), Kanze Hisao was the most influential nō actor and theorist of the mid-twentieth century. His talent as ...
Kim U-jin

Kim U-jin  

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(1897–1926)Korean director, producer, theorist, and playwright. Despite his brief career, Kim had a remarkable influence upon modern theatre in Korea, writing five plays, numerous essays on Western ...
Kinoshita Junji

Kinoshita Junji  

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(1914–2006)Japanese playwright. Active in the shingeki (new drama) movement since 1939, Kinoshita both wrote within its realistic mode and consciously moved outside it. His search for dramatic form ...
Matsui Sumako

Matsui Sumako  

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(1886–1919)Japanese actress in shingeki. Matsui entered the training programme of Tsubouchi Shōyō's newly created Bungei Kyōkai (Literary Society) and soon appeared with particular success in 1911 as ...
Oida Yoshi

Oida Yoshi  

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(1933– )Paris-based Japanese actor and director. Oida studied both modern (shingeki) and classical theatre in Japan before being invited by Barrault to work with Brook at the Théâtre des Nations ...
Osanai Kaoru

Osanai Kaoru  

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(1881–1928)Japanese playwright and director. Along with Tsubouchi Shōyō, Osanai took a strong interest in introducing concepts of modern Western theatre and performance into Japan (see shingeki). ...
Senda Koreya

Senda Koreya  

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(1904–94)Japanese director and actor, born Itō Kunio. His brother Itō Michio (1893–1961) was a famous dancer who began his career performing in At the Hawk's Well by Yeats in ...
shimpa

shimpa  

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The first Japanese modern theatre. Shimpa (new school) set itself as distinct from the ‘old school’, kabuki. The fathers of shimpa, Sudō Sadanori (1867–1907) and Kawakami Otojirō (1864–1911), began ...
shingŭk

shingŭk  

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Modern Korean theatre in the Western mould, parallel to Japanese shingeki. Shingŭk (literally, ‘new drama’) began to emerge when modern commercial theatre (shinp'agŭk) dominated the stage in Korea. ...
Suzuki Tadashi

Suzuki Tadashi  

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(1939– )Japanese director. Co-founder with Betsuyaku Minoru of the Waseda Little Theatre in 1966, Suzuki's innovative stagings of works by Betsuyaku, Satō Makoto, and Kara Jūrō were crucial to the ...
Takarazuka Revue

Takarazuka Revue  

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Japanese company of all-female performers, founded in 1913 in the hot-spring resort of Takarazuka, about 25 km (15 miles) from Osaka, by the railroad magnate Kobayashi Ichizō (1873–1957) to attract ...
Tokyo

Tokyo  

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Japan's capital and largest city, situated on the central Pacific coast of Honshu Island, at the head of Tokyo Bay. Settlement dates back to about 10,000 bc, and a village ...
Tsukiji Little Theatre

Tsukiji Little Theatre  

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A Japanese theatre company founded in 1924 by Osanai Kaoru. The financial aid of Hijikata Yoshi made it possible to build a new theatre in the Tsukiji district in the ...
Yukio Mishima

Yukio Mishima  

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1925–1970)Japanese novelist, whose obsession with the loss of traditional Japanese military values led to his suicide.Born into an upper-class family in Tokyo, Mishima was educated at the Peers' ...

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