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Sir Charles Scott Sherrington

(1857—1952) physiologist

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Charles Bell

Charles Bell  

(1774–1842)Charles Bell was born in Edinburgh in November 1774 and died at Hallow Park, near Worcester on 28 April 1842. He received his early training in the ‘Arts of ...
Charles Kay Ogden

Charles Kay Ogden  

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Philosophy
 (1889–1957) English book collector of wide-ranging interests.In 1953, he sold his MSS and early printed books, as well as materials on Jeremy Bentham and Lord Brougham, to University College ...
Edgar Douglas Adrian

Edgar Douglas Adrian  

1st Baron Adrian (1889–1977). Adrian was born in London and educated at Westminster School, where he became a King's Scholar at the end of his first term. Like his mentor ...
‘emergence’ and ‘reduction’ in explanations

‘emergence’ and ‘reduction’ in explanations  

A classical question of philosophy is the one/many problem: is everything in the universe ultimately one thing—or are there, as it certainly appears, many things? In another and more interesting ...
Jerzy Konorski

Jerzy Konorski  

(1903–73).Polish neurophysiologist and behavioural scientist, born in Lođz. After studying medicine at the University of Warsaw, he visited Ivan Pavlov's laboratory before returning to Poland to work ...
Luria on mind and brain

Luria on mind and brain  

The relation between brain and mind has been for many centuries one of the most difficult problems, both of philosophy and of science. Two approaches to the problem have been ...
McCulloch's contributions to brain theory

McCulloch's contributions to brain theory  

Warren McCulloch was a central pioneer figure of cybernetic and computational models of brain function. The year 1943 saw the publication of ‘A logical calculus of the ideas immanent in ...
reflex action

reflex action  

An automatic movement produced in response to a stimulus (see reflex).
Robert Sessions Woodworth

Robert Sessions Woodworth  

(1869–1962).American psychologist, born in Belcher Town, Massachusetts, and educated at Amherst College, where he graduated in philosophy. He proceeded to Harvard for his graduate studies, where he ...
split brain

split brain  

A surgical operation in which the two cerebral hemispheres of a person's brain are separated by cutting the corpus callosum, usually to relieve the symptoms of epilepsy, or in which an animal is ...
stimulus

stimulus  

Any change in the external or internal environment of an organism that provokes a physiological or behavioural response in the organism. In an animal specific receptors are sensitive to stimuli.
synergy

synergy  

Coordinated activity of opposing muscle groups (antagonistic pairs, such as the biceps and triceps in the upper arm) that results in smooth, well-controlled movements. See also synergist.
Wilder Penfield

Wilder Penfield  

(1891–1976), neurosurgeon, scientist, writer.Born in Spokane, Washington, Penfield pursued athletics at Princeton and medicine at Oxford. Influenced by William Osler and Charles Sherrington, he chose ...

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