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Sherman Antitrust Act

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antitrust

antitrust  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
This is the American term for competition law. The basic provision of US antitrust is the Sherman Act of 1890. Section 1 states: ‘Every contract, combination in the form of ...
Bates v. State Bar of Arizona

Bates v. State Bar of Arizona  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
433 U.S. 350 (1977), argued 18 Jan. 1977, decided 27 June 1977 by vote of 5 to 4; Blackmun for the Court; Burger, Powell, and Rehnquist in dissent. In Bates the Supreme Court struck down state legal ...
Commerce Power

Commerce Power  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Article 1, Section 8, of the U.S. Constitution gives Congress the power “to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes.” Commerce refers ...
Duplex Printing Co. v. Deering

Duplex Printing Co. v. Deering  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
254 U.S. 443 (1921), argued 22 Jan. 1920, decided 3 Jan. 1921 by vote of 6 to 3; Pitney for the Court, Brandeis, Holmes, and Clarke in dissent. In response to growing public pressure to control the ...
E. C. Knight Co., United States v.

E. C. Knight Co., United States v.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
156 U.S. 1 (1895), argued 24 Oct. 1894, decided 21 Jan. 1895 by vote of 8 to 1; Fuller for the Court, Harlan in dissent. In early 1892, the American Sugar Refining Company, the corporate successor to ...
Edward Douglass White

Edward Douglass White  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(b. LaFourche Parish, La., 3 Nov. 1845; d. 19 May 1921, Washington, D.C.; interred Oak Hill Cemetery, Washington, D.C.), associate justice, 1894–1910, chief justice, 1910–1921.Edward Douglass White ...
Goldfarb v. Virginia State Bar

Goldfarb v. Virginia State Bar  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
421 U.S. 773 (1975), argued 25 Mar. 1975, decided 16 June 1975 by vote of 8 to 0; Burger for the Court, Powell not participating.The Goldfarbs were unable to find a lawyer who would perform a real ...
Interstate Commerce Commission

Interstate Commerce Commission  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(ICC)A US agency set up to regulate rail traffic across state boundaries. The ICC was intended to regulate both monopolistic pricing and the standard of service provided. Its jurisdiction has since ...
labour law

labour law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
In its broadest sense, the legal regulation of work: the areas of law that regulate the relationship between workers and their employers, between employers and employee organisations (trade unions), ...
Loewe v. Lawlor

Loewe v. Lawlor  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
208 U.S. 274 (1908), argued 4–5 Dec. 1907, decided 3 Feb. 1908 by vote of 9 to 0; Fuller for the Court. Popularly known as the Danbury Hatters’ Case, Loewe v. Lawlor grew out of a unionization effort ...
Melville W. Fuller

Melville W. Fuller  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Chief Justice, 1888–1910• Born: Feb. 11, 1833, Augusta, Maine• Education: Bowdoin College, B.A., 1853; Harvard Law School, 1853–55• Previous government service: Illinois Constitutional Convention, ...
Northern Securities Co. v. United States

Northern Securities Co. v. United States  

Reference type:
Overview Page
• 193 U.S. 197 (1904)• Vote: 5–4• For the Court: Harlan• Concurring: Brewer• Dissenting: White, Holmes, Fuller, and Peckham• 193 U.S. 197 (1904)• Vote: 5–4• For the Court: Harlan[...]
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.

Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1841–1935)Eminently quotable realist (see legal realism) and US Supreme Court judge, who regularly dissented from the majority. He was noted for his colourful turn of phrase and common-sense ...
Popular images of Court

Popular images of Court  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The High Court has rarely been represented to the public outside the news media, which themselves provide a vital machine in the production of popular images. Any depictions of the ...
Progressivism

Progressivism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A political and social movement of American origin, strongly influenced Australian intellectuals, politicians, and public administrators between the 1890s and the 1920s, although the name ...
Richard Olney

Richard Olney  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(b. Oxford, Mass., 15 Sept. 1835; d. 8 Apr. 1917), lawyer and statesman.A noted New England railroad lawyer, Richard Olney served from 1893 to 1895 as U.S. attorney general ...
Rufus W. Peckham

Rufus W. Peckham  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Associate Justice, 1896–1909• Born: Nov. 8, 1838, Albany, N.Y.• Education: studied law in his father's law firm• Previous government service: district attorney, Albany County, N.Y., 1869–72; judge, ...
Rule of Reason

Rule of Reason  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A standard created by the judiciary for judging business behavior under the Sherman Act (1890). Because this act spread a very wide net by prohibiting “every contract, combination, or conspiracy ...
Shiras, George, Jr.

Shiras, George, Jr.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Associate Justice, 1892–1903• Born: Jan. 26, 1832, Pittsburgh, Pa.• Education: Ohio University, 1849–51; Yale College, B.A., 1853; studied law at Yale and privately• Previous government service: ...
South-Eastern Underwriters Association, United States v.

South-Eastern Underwriters Association, United States v.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
322 U.S. 533 (1944), argued 11 Jan. 1944, decided 5 June 1944 by vote of 4 to 3; Black for the Court, Stone and Frankfurter in dissent, Jackson dissenting in part, Roberts and Reed not participating. ...

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