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Animal Husbandry

Animal Husbandry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Concerned not only with ‘domestic animals,’ but also bees and silkworms. Throughout the MA, animals for the most part were allowed to wander free; thus horses, for example, were often ...
butcher

butcher  

In the late Roman and Byz. eras a distinct terminology was used for dealers in and butchers of swine and merchants/butchers of other kinds of livestock (primarily cattle and sheep). ...
cloning

cloning  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The process of making genetically identical copies (clones) of a gene or organism. Cloning is an essential element in genetic engineering and biotechnology. Growing cuttings from a plant is a ...
drovers

drovers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The droving trade grew considerably during the early modern period and was at its peak from the 17th century to the railway era. Cattle were brought from Scotland and Wales to the lowland pastures of ...
farming

farming  

As defined by the Income Tax (Trading and Other Income) Act 2005, the occupation of land wholly or mainly for the purpose of husbandry (which is declared not to include market gardening). Special tax ...
fauna

fauna  

Reference type:
Overview Page
All the animal life normally present in a given habitat at a given time. See also macrofauna; microfauna. Compare flora.
food supply

food supply  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
GreekFor Greek city‐states of the Archaic and Hellenistic periods the ethos of autarky dominated the ideology of food supply. Few Greek cities ever outgrew the food production capacities of their ...
goat

goat  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Ruminant, Capra spp.; young is kid. A 100‐g serving is a source of Se; a good source of Cu, Fe, Zn, niacin; a rich source of vitamin B2, B12.
Highland clearances

Highland clearances  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The deliberate removal of Scottish “crofter” peasants by landlords during the 19th century. In the later 18th century, Scottish society in the Highlands suffered severely with the collapse of the ...
livestock

livestock  

Domesticated animals (such as beef cattle, dairy cows, goats, sheep, pigs, chickens, and turkeys) that are kept for meat or dairy production, usually on a farm or smallholding.
Maurice Warwick Beresford

Maurice Warwick Beresford  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1920–2005) [Bi]Landscape historian who discovered the lost villages of England. Born on the northern fringes of Birmingham, he attended Bishop Vesey's Grammar School in Sutton Coldfield and Jesus ...
meat

meat  

Generally refers to the muscle tissue of animals or birds, other parts being termed offal, organ meat, or variety meat. 150‐g portions of meat of all types are rich sources of protein and niacin; ...
moor

moor  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
An acidic, usually upland area, commonly with peat development, dominated by low-growing heaths and heathers, with some areas dominated by grasses and sedges.
mouflon

mouflon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Sp]A species of wild sheep found in southwest Asia and the eastern Mediterranean (Ovis orientalis), domesticated from about 9000 bc. See also sheep.
nuclear transfer

nuclear transfer  

A technique used in cloning animals in which a nucleus from a donor cell is inserted into an egg cell, which is then stimulated to develop as an embryo. The technique has been used successfully with ...
Ovis aries

Ovis aries  

Domestic sheep. The blood group genetics of this species has been intensively investigated. The haploid chromosome number is 27, and about 250 genes have been mapped. The haploid C value is 3.2 × 109 ...
pig

pig  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The pig is proverbial as a type of obstinacy and greed.A pig is the emblem of St Anthony of Egypt (see also tantony pig).pig in a poke something that is bought or accepted without knowing its value ...
ruminant

ruminant  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An animal (such as a cow or goat) that chews the cud, having a multichambered stomach that allows it to digest cellulose.
swine

swine  

Any of a number of domesticated breeds of the species Sus scrofa (q.v.). Popular breeds include Berkshire, Chester White, Duroc, Hampshire, Hereford, Ohio Improved Chester, Poland China, Spotted ...
telomere

telomere  

The end of a chromosome, which consists of tandemly repeated short sequences of DNA that perform the function of ensuring that each cycle of DNA replication has been completed. Each time a cell ...

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