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Yitzhak Shamir

(b. 1915) Polish-born Israeli statesman

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Binyamin Netanyahu

Binyamin Netanyahu  

(1949– )Israeli diplomat and politician, prime minister of Israel (1996–99).Born in Tel Aviv, Netanyahu was largely brought up and educated in the USA, acquiring a command of English and a deep ...
Labour Party, Israel

Labour Party, Israel  

Israel's major progressive party on the left, created in 1968 from the merger of the Mapai Party with two smaller socialist parties. It combined Zionism with socialism, through the encouragement of ...
Likud (‘Union’), Israel

Likud (‘Union’), Israel  

An alliance of a number of right-wing parties which was established in 1973, and grew into a cohesive movement by 1977. Led then by Begin, its victory in that year produced a major sea-change in ...
Menachem Begin

Menachem Begin  

(b. 16 Aug. 1913, d. 9 Mar. 1992).Prime Minister of Israel 1977–83 Born in Brest‐Litovsk in White Russia (later Poland), he graduated in law from the University of Warsaw. He was soon active in the ...
Shimon Peres

Shimon Peres  

(b. 16 Aug. 1923).Prime Minster of Israel 1977, 1984–6, 1995–6Early careerBorn Shimon Peresky at Vishneva, Poland, he arrived in Palestine in 1934. He became active in the kibbutz movement as well as ...
Stern Gang

Stern Gang  

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British name for a Zionist terrorist group calling itself “Lohamei Herut Israel Lehi” (Fighters for the Freedom of Israel). It campaigned actively (1940–48) in British-administered Palestine for the ...
Yitzhak Rabin

Yitzhak Rabin  

(b. 1 Mar. 1922, d. 4 Nov. 1995).Israeli general; Prime Minister 1974–7, 1992–5Early careerBorn in Jerusalem, the son of Russian immigrants, he joined the elite professionals of the Haganah Jewish ...

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