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Sextus Empiricus

(fl. c. 200)

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Aenesidemus

Aenesidemus  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
Of Cnossus, Sceptical philosopher, revived Pyrrhonism (see Pyrrhon) in the 1st cent. bc.
Agrippa

Agrippa  

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Philosophy
(1st/2nd c. ad)Shadowy Roman sceptic. His legacy is the five ‘tropes’, partly a variation on the ten tropes of Aenesidemus, but adding a stress on the implicit infinite regress in every proof, ...
animal thought

animal thought  

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Philosophy
In the philosophy of mind as well as ethics the treatment of animals exposes major problems. If other animals differ from human beings, how is the difference to be characterized: do animals think and ...
Asclepiades

Asclepiades  

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Of Myrleia in Bithynia (1st cent. bc), worked in Spain, and wrote on the history of Bithynia, and of scholarship; on Homer and Theocritus; and, as Atticist analogist, Περὶ ὄρθογραφίας ...
Carneades

Carneades  

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(c.214–129 bc)The most prominent member of the later Academy after Arcesilaus. Carneades was a distinguished sceptic, famous (especially through the report by Cicero) for impressive speeches at Rome ...
Charmadas

Charmadas  

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(168/7 –  some time after 107 bc),member of the Academy, pupil of Carneades. Mentioned by Sextus Empiricus (Πυρρώνειοι ὑποτυπώσεις 1. 220) as founder of the ‘Fourth Academy’ together with ...
Montaigne

Montaigne  

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Literature
(1533–92),French moralist and essayist. He is generally regarded as the inventor of the modern ‘essay’, a genre which he fashioned out of the late medieval ‘compilation’, transforming it into a ...
peritrope

peritrope  

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Philosophy
The turning of the tables, whereby Plato (Theaetetus, 171 a) opposes the relativism of Protagoras. Protagoras holds the doctrine that whatever seems true for a person is true for them; hence he must ...
Pierre Bayle

Pierre Bayle  

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Literature
(1647–1706), sceptical writer. He was a professor at Rotterdam from 1681 to 1693. He held that religion and morality being independent of one another, all private and social virtues may be equally ...
Protagoras

Protagoras  

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Philosophy
Of Abdera (c.490–420 bc), the most celebrated of the sophists. He travelled widely throughout the Greek world, including several visits to Athens, where he was associated with Pericles. He was ...
Pyrrho

Pyrrho  

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Philosophy
(4th–3rd century bc).A citizen, and priest, of Elis, identified (through the writings of Timon of Phlius) as the first representative of ‘Pyrrhonian skepticism’, the refusal to commit oneself to ...
scepticism

scepticism  

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Philosophy
(Greek, skepsis, enquiry or questioning)Although Greek scepticism centred on the value of enquiry and questioning, scepticism is now the denial that knowledge or even rational belief is possible, ...
Sceptics

Sceptics  

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An ancient or modern philosopher who denies the possibility of knowledge, or even rational belief, in some sphere. The leading ancient sceptic was Pyrrho, whose followers at the Academy vigorously ...
subjectivism

subjectivism  

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Philosophy
Any theory in which a phenomenon is seen as dependent on human ideas or beliefs. For instance, ethical relativism or ontological idealism.

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