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Georges Seurat

(1859—1891) French painter

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Alfred William Finch

Alfred William Finch  

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bBrussels, 28 Nov 1854; d Helsinki, 1930).Belgian painter and potter. In 1886 and 1891 Finch visited England, where he was exposed to the tenets of the English Arts and ...
Bridget Riley

Bridget Riley  

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(1931– )British painter, famous for her dazzling abstract canvases that exploit the fallibility of the eye.Born in London, Bridget Riley studied art at London's Goldsmith's College (1949–52) and ...
Camille Pissarro

Camille Pissarro  

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(b Charlotte Amalie, St Thomas, Virgin Islands, 10 July 1830; d Paris, 13 Nov. 1903).French painter, printmaker, and draughtsman, born in the West Indies, where his parents (a French-Jewish father ...
conté crayon

conté crayon  

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A type of hard crayon, named after Nicolas-Jacques Conté (1755–1805), a French scientist who worked as a portrait painter in his youth and invented the modern graphite pencil in the early 1790s. ...
divisionism

divisionism  

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A method of painting in which colour effects are obtained by applying small areas or dots of pure, unmixed colours on the canvas in such a way that to a spectator standing at an appropriate distance ...
Eugène Delacroix

Eugène Delacroix  

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(b Charenton-St-Maurice, nr. Paris, 26 Apr. 1798; d Paris, 13 Aug. 1863).French painter, draughtsman, and lithographer. He was one of the towering figures of the Romantic movement and one of the last ...
Félix Fénéon

Félix Fénéon  

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(1861–1944)French art and literary critic, dealer, and collector. He was most active as an art critic in the 1880s and 1890s, when he wrote for various magazines and became especially known as a ...
Henri-Edmond Cross

Henri-Edmond Cross  

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(1856–1910)French painter, mainly of landscapes. He worked in an Impressionist and then a Neo-Impressionist style, and his use of large dots of bright colour had a brief but important influence on ...
Impressionism

Impressionism  

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A style or movement in painting originating in France in the 1860s, characterized by a concern with depicting the visual impression of the moment, especially in terms of the shifting effect of light ...
Jean-Antoine Watteau

Jean-Antoine Watteau  

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(bapt. Valenciennes, 10 Oct. 1684; d Nogent-sur-Marne, nr. Paris, 18 July 1721).The greatest French painter of his period and one of the key figures of Rococo art. His home town of Valenciennes had ...
Jean-François Millet

Jean-François Millet  

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(b Gruchy, nr. Cherbourg, 4 Oct. 1814; d Barbizon, 20 Jan. 1875).French painter, draughtsman, and printmaker, born into a prosperous and cultured farming family in Normandy. After studying with local ...
Jules Chéret

Jules Chéret  

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(b Paris, 31 May 1836; d Nice, 23 Sept. 1932).French lithographer, designer, and painter, the first notable specialist in poster design. Chéret was the son of a typographer and ...
Les Vingt

Les Vingt  

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Group of progressive Belgian painters and sculptors (originally twenty in number, hence the name) who exhibited together from 1884 to 1893. The members included James Ensor and Jan Toorop. They ...
Lucien Pissarro

Lucien Pissarro  

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French painters and graphic artists. Camille (1830–1903) was born at St Thomas in the Danish West Indies. In 1855 he entered the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, and fell under the ...
Neo-Impressionism

Neo-Impressionism  

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A movement in French painting—both a development from Impressionism and a reaction against it—in which the Impressionist approach to depicting light and colour was made more rational and scientific. ...
Paul Signac

Paul Signac  

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(1863–1935)French painter and writer on art. After the death of Georges Seurat in 1891 he became the acknowledged leader of the Neo-Impressionist movement, and in 1899 he published D'Eugène Delacroix ...
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes

Pierre Puvis de Chavannes  

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(b Lyons, 14 Dec. 1824; d Paris, 24 Oct. 1898).The foremost French mural painter of the second half of the 19th century. He decorated many public buildings in France (for example, the Panthéon, the ...
pointillism

pointillism  

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The term was derived from the French critic Félix Fénéon's phrase peinture au point (‘painting in dots’) used in 1886 to describe Georges Seurat's masterpiece La Grande Jatte (Art Institute, ...
Post-Impressionism

Post-Impressionism  

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As the name implies, a term used to describe developments after and arising from Impressionism. It was first coined by the English painter and critic Roger Fry (1866–1934), who organized the ...
Robert Delaunay

Robert Delaunay  

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(1885–1941)French painter who founded orphism and produced some of the first abstract pictures.After training as a decorative painter in Paris, Delaunay became a full-time artist in 1904. His early ...

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