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St Serapion

(d. 360)

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Der Balyzeh Fragments

Der Balyzeh Fragments  

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A few incomplete pages of a Greek papyrus codex discovered at Der Balyzeh in Upper Egypt in 1907. They contain liturgical prayers and a (c..6th-cent.) Creed. The prayers, which have been variously ...
Holy Spirit

Holy Spirit  

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Inspiration or the attainment of a degree of prophecy; Heb. ruah ha-kodesh. The books of the Hagiographa such as Psalms and Proverbs (see BIBLE) are said to have been compiled under the Holy Spirit, ...
Mani

Mani  

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Religion
There are contradictions among the sources, but it appears that Mani (c.216–76) was born near Seleucia-Ctesiphon, the capital of the Persian Empire, and began teaching in 240. Opposition from the ...
Pneumatomachi

Pneumatomachi  

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Heretics who denied the full Godhead of the Holy Spirit. They came to the fore in 373, when Eustathius of Sebaste became their leader. They were condemned by Pope Damasus in 374. At its peak, c.380, ...
St Athanasius

St Athanasius  

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(c. 296–373)Greek theologian. As bishop of Alexandria he was a consistent upholder of Christian orthodoxy, especially against Arianism. He aided the ascetic movement in Egypt and introduced knowledge ...
Titus

Titus  

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(4th cent.), Bp. of Bostra. He wrote a long treatise against the Manichaeans. In the first part he gives the Christian solution to the problem of evil based on the ideas of Divine Providence and ...
unction

unction  

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An anointing with oil: kings and priests were to be consecrated with oil (1 Sam. 10: 1 ff.; Lev. 8: 12). Healing with the use of oil is commended by James (5: 14–15). Messiah (‘Christ’) means ...

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