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Abdullah Bin-Abd-al-Aziz Al Saud

Abdullah Bin-Abd-al-Aziz Al Saud  

(b. 1926).King of Saudi Arabia 2005–  Born in Riyadh as the son of Abd-al Aziz ibn Saud, he was educated at the court. In 1962 he became commander of the National Guard, and in 1982 he became Crown ...
Afghanistan

Afghanistan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Still a battleground between the Taliban and government and NATO forces.Afghanistan is a largely mountainous country: more than half the territory is above 2,000 metres. Its central highlands are the ...
air travel

air travel  

In Ireland began in 1909–10, with Harry Ferguson's first powered flight, in Co. Down. In April 1912, Kilkenny man Denys Corbett Wilson made the first crossing of the Irish Sea ...
Alliance

Alliance  

(New Zealand)A Social Democratic Party created in December 1991 by a number of groups including the Democrats, in order to provide a more effective opposition to the social reforms undertaken by ...
al-Qaeda

al-Qaeda  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A network of Islamic fundamentalist groups, founded in 1988 and associated with the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001. The name comes from Arabic, meaning literally ‘the base’.
anthrax

anthrax  

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Overview Page
n. an acute infectious disease of farm animals caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis, which can be transmitted to humans by contact with animal hair, hides, or excrement. In humans the disease ...
Arab League

Arab League  

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Overview Page
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History
An organization of Arab states, founded in Cairo, Egypt in 1945. The principal aims of the League are to protect the independence and sovereignty of its members and to strengthen the ties between ...
Barbara Lee

Barbara Lee  

(b. 16 July 1946),politician. Barbara Lee was born in El Paso, Texas. Her introduction to politics occurred well before she entered the halls of Congress. Influenced by the student ...
Cayman Islands

Cayman Islands  

A Caribbean island group south of Cuba, which came under British sovereignty in 1670. Administered from Jamaica, it joined the Federation of the West Indies in 1959, and upon its breakup became a ...
Central Intelligence Agency

Central Intelligence Agency  

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Overview Page
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History
CIA an independent U.S. agency responsible to the president through its Director and to the people of the United States through Congressional intelligence oversight committees. It was officially ...
civil liberties

civil liberties  

One of the fundamental principles of open, free societies, written into constitutions of many nations, civil liberty is the right of citizens to go about their lawful business without intrusive ...
clash of Civilizations

clash of Civilizations  

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Overview Page
A concept first used by Samuel Huntington (1927–2008) in a 1993 Foreign Affairs article. He argued that, in the context of the end of the Cold War, conflict in international relations increasingly ...
Department of Homeland Security

Department of Homeland Security  

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Overview Page
In the aftermath of the September 11th 2001 attacks on the United States, President George W. Bush announced the establishment of a Department of Homeland Security. The aims of the department were to ...
Director of National Intelligence

Director of National Intelligence  

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Overview Page
After criticism of the CIA over its failure to prevent the September 11th 2001 attacks on the United States, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence was created in 2005. The Director of ...
Donald Rumsfeld

Donald Rumsfeld  

(b. 9 Jul. 1932).US Secretary of Defense, 1975–7, 2001–6 Born in Chicago, Rumsfeld attended Princeton and joined the US navy in 1954. In 1957, he worked for Congress and joined an investment bank, ...
extraordinary rendition

extraordinary rendition  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A euphemism for the extrajudicial transfer of individuals from one state to another. The term arose in relation to the recent US practice of transferring suspected terrorists to countries known to ...
Federal Bureau of Investigation

Federal Bureau of Investigation  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(FBI)The investigative branch of the US Department of Justice. Established by Attorney-General Charles J. Bonaparte (1851–1921) in 1908, it was at first called the Bureau of Investigation. It was ...
George W. Bush

George W. Bush  

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History
(1946– )US Republican statesman, 43rd President of the USA (2001–9). The son of George (Herbert Walker) Bush, he worked in the oil industry before becoming Governor of Texas in 1995. The presidential ...
Good Friday Agreement

Good Friday Agreement  

(10 April 1998)An agreement on Northern Ireland which proved the centrepiece of a fragile and often interrupted peace process begun under John Major in 1993. It prescribed a complex system of ...
intelligence services

intelligence services  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Government organizations dedicated to the collection and evaluation of information, primarily about the intentions of other countries that are seen as adversaries. Such information can be economic, ...

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