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Abdou Diouf

Abdou Diouf  

(b. 7 Mar. 1935).President of Senegal 1981–2000 Born in Louga, he was educated at the University of Dakar, and graduated in law from the University of Paris. Upon his return to Senegal he became the ...
Africa

Africa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The second largest continent, extending south from the Mediterranean Sea and bounded by the Atlantic and Indian oceans and the Red Sea.Physical.The Equator passes through the middle of Africa, so ...
African religion

African religion  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
No single religion corresponds to the term ‘African religion’, nor could it. The geography of Africa ranges from rain forests to uninhabitable deserts; its peoples are organized in many different ...
Ahmadou Bamba

Ahmadou Bamba  

Ca. 1851–1927 Senegalese Muslim scholar.In his lifetime Ahmadou Bamba acquired a following of disciples who would become known after his death as the Muridiyya, a Muslim Sufi way. Sufism ...
Alioune Diop

Alioune Diop  

1910–1980 Senegalese writer and editor who became a central figure in the Négritude movement.Alioune Diop was born in Saint-Louis, Senegal, whose inhabitants enjoyed automatic French citizenship ...
Ancient African Civilizations

Ancient African Civilizations  

Societies that flourished in Africa before the arrival of European colonial powers.The great chiefdoms, states, and empires of Africa were some of the last great civilizations of antiquity to ...
Ayi Kwei Armah

Ayi Kwei Armah  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1938– ),Ghanaian novelist and journalist, born in Takoradi, educated at the University of Ghana at Legon, and at Harvard. He worked as a scriptwriter and teacher in Ghana, and was ...
Balanta

Balanta  

Ethnic group of Guinea-Bissau and Senegal.The Balanta, literally “those who resist,” are the largest ethnic group of Guinea-Bissau, representing more than one-quarter of the population, some 440,000 ...
Bambara

Bambara  

African ethnolinguistic group.The nearly three million or so Bambara (sometimes called Bamana), who speak languages of the Mande group, live primarily in Mali along the Niger River but can ...
Board Games

Board Games  

History of board games in Africa.Africa is associated with two groups of board games, mancala and draughts. Chess is the first board game on record that has been connected ...
Cape Verde

Cape Verde  

A country comprising an archipelago of volcanic islands in the Atlantic Ocean, 563 km (350 miles) westof Cape Verde Peninsula, Senegal, the most westerly point of Africa.Physical.The archipelago is ...
Christianity in Africa

Christianity in Africa  

There has been a Christian presence on the African continent for nearly as long as people have considered themselves followers of Jesus Christ. Missionaries and traders have been credited for ...
Cold War and Africa

Cold War and Africa  

Ideological and political confrontation between the United States and the Communist Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), which lasted from 1945–1989 and had major effects on African ...
Contemporary African Writers in France

Contemporary African Writers in France  

The most recent developments in French-language African literature include novels generated by young sub-Saharan African authors living in France. The existence of intellectuals in France from Africa ...
Dakar

Dakar  

Capital and largest city of Senegal.Cosmopolitan, hedonistic Dakar has been called the Paris of West Africa. Once the capital of French West Africa, Dakar no longer dominates West Africa ...
Dance in Sub-Saharan Africa

Dance in Sub-Saharan Africa  

African dances are as varied and changing as the communities that create them. Although many types of African dance incorporate spirited, vigorous movement, there are others that are more reserved ...
Early Kingdom of Kaabu

Early Kingdom of Kaabu  

Historical kingdom centered in northeastern Guinea-Bissau.Founded by Tiramakhan Traoré, a general of the Mali empire, the Mandinka kingdom of Kaabu ruled the area that is presently known as ...
Economic Community of West African States

Economic Community of West African States  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(ECOWAS) An economic grouping constituted largely on the initiative of General Gowon at Lagos in 1975 by 15 West African countries, and later (1977) joined by Cape Verde. Its object was to provide a ...
Education in Africa

Education in Africa  

History and status of Western-style schools in Africa.Much education in Africa follows the Western model of schooling. But although Western-style education predominates, Islamic schools also operate ...
Explorers in Africa, 1500 to 1800

Explorers in Africa, 1500 to 1800  

Foreigners who traveled to sub-Saharan Africa between 1500 and 1800 to investigate its geography and peoples.Earlier explorers had essentially finished mapping the African coast by 1514. The interior ...

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