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Annie Besant

Annie Besant  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1847–1933)British social reformer and theosophist. She became a Fabian, a trade-union organizer (including the match girls' strike of 1888), and a propagandist for birth control. She became a ...
atheism

atheism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The theory or belief that God does not exist. The word comes (in the late 16th century, via French) from Greek atheos, from a- ‘without’ + theos ‘god’.
Bangladesh

Bangladesh  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A tropical low-lying country of the Indian subcontinent.Physical.Situated at the head of the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh is mainly occupied by the deltas of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra. It is a land ...
book

book  

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Overview Page
A book is the emblem of St Anne, St Augustine, St Bernard, and other saints.Recorded from Old English (in form bōc, originally meaning also ‘a document or charter’), the word is of Germanic origin, ...
Charles Bradlaugh

Charles Bradlaugh  

(1833–91)British social reformer. A republican and keen supporter of reform movements, he was tried, with Annie Besant, in 1877–78 for printing a pamphlet on birth control. The charge failed and ...
Darwinism

Darwinism  

The theory of evolution by natural selection, often used incorrectly as a synonym for the theory of evolution itself. The term ‘neo-Darwinism’ is often used to denote the ‘new synthesis’ (i.e. ...
dharma

dharma  

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Overview Page
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Religion
In Indian religion, the eternal law of the cosmos, inherent in the very nature of things. In Hinduism, dharma is seen as the cosmic law both upheld by the gods and expressed in right behaviour by ...
George Jacob Holyoake

George Jacob Holyoake  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1817–1906)George Jacob Holyoake was born in Birmingham on 13 April 1817 and died in Brighton on 22 January 1906. He was the second child and eldest son of George ...
Hafez al- Assad

Hafez al- Assad  

(b. 6 Oct. 1930, d. 16 Oct. 2000).President of Syria 1971–2000Early careerBorn in Qardaha into the Alawi sect, he became an officer in the airforce. He joined the Ba'ath Party in the 1950s, and ...
Hindu nationalism

Hindu nationalism  

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Belief that politics should be organized in accordance with the precepts of the Hindu scriptures and way of life. In its more extreme form, this takes the form of the promotion of a Hindu Rashtra ...
Ideology and Islam

Ideology and Islam  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Most Muslims claim that “Islam is one” and offers a blueprint for all aspects of life. Islam increasingly occupies a special place in school curricula, and states seek to control what is said in ...
İmam Hatip Schools

İmam Hatip Schools  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
İmam Hatip Schools are designed to train prayer leaders (imam) and preachers (hatip) in the Turkish Republic. Since the early years of the republic, which was founded in 1923, these ...
Imperial Legislation

Imperial Legislation  

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Under the constitutional arrangements that developed during the hegemony of the first Roman emperor, Augustus (31 b.c.e.–14 c.e.), the emperor was not at first a monarch with overriding legislative ...
Legislative Assemblies (Leges, Plebiscites)

Legislative Assemblies (Leges, Plebiscites)  

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Overview Page
There were three features that distinguished the Roman assemblies not only from the Athenian assembly of the fifth and fourth centuries b.c.e.—the only other reasonably well documented ancient ...
personal law

personal law  

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Overview Page
In civil law systems, the law of the nationality of the individual; in common law systems, the law of the domicile of the individual.
Rāziq, ʿAlī ʿAbd al-

Rāziq, ʿAlī ʿAbd al-  

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Religion
ʿAlī ʿAbd al-Rāziq (1888–1966)was an Egyptian sharīʿah (Islamic law) judge, controversial intellectual, and author of al-Islām wa uṣūl al-ḥukm: Baḥth fī al-khilāfah wa al-ḥukūmah fī al-Islām (Islam ...
regular

regular  

Religiosus was a term that could designate any Christian applying himself with care to the fulfilment of his vocation to the divine life. A regularis was one who lived according ...

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