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Abel

Abel  

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Religion
In the Bible, the younger son of Adam and Eve, murdered by his jealous brother Cain, after Abel's offering to God of a lamb was accepted by God, while Cain's sheaves were rejected.
Ahl al-Kitab

Ahl al-Kitab  

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Religion
Quranic term referring to Jews, Christians, and Sabaeans as possessors of books previously revealed by God. Sometimes applied to Zoroastrians, Magians, and Samaritans. The books associated with Jews ...
Calvinism

Calvinism  

The Protestant theological system of the French Protestant theologian and reformer John Calvin (1509–64) and his successors, which develops Luther's doctrine of justification by faith alone into an ...
Charles Hodge

Charles Hodge  

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Religion
(1797–1878).Calvinistic theologian. Ordained into the Presbyterian ministry (1821), he was educated at Princeton at which seminary he taught biblical studies, then theology, for most of his life. He ...
diversity

diversity  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Differences of emphasis and outlook within scripture. It was for many centuries ce held that the books of the Bible as bound together formed a coherent and consistent account of God's dealings with ...
Doukhobors

Doukhobors  

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Religion
(Russian, ‘Spirit-fighters’). A Russian sect of uncertain origin. It seems to have arisen among the peasants in the district of Kharkov c.1740. The Doukhobors came into conflict with the Russian ...
Judaism

Judaism  

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Religion
The monotheistic religion of the Jews. For its origins Judaism looks to the biblical covenant made by God with Abraham, and to the laws revealed to Moses and recorded in the Torah (supplemented by ...
Law

Law  

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Religion
Translation of the Hebrew torah, though this word has a meaning much wider than the legal: ‘interpretation’ might be preferable. It is used in the Hebrew Bible for the Pentateuch, in which law as a ...
Mercersburg Theology

Mercersburg Theology  

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Religion
An American school of thought, which opposed both the emotionalism and the rationalism of the mid-19th cent. by emphasizing the importance of doctrine. While it upheld the teaching of the Reformers, ...
psalm

psalm  

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Religion
Arabic zabur. In the Quran the Psalms of David are said to be revelation sent to David, who is considered a prophet (4:163; 17:55; 21:105). God is considered the author of the psalms. Surah 21:105 is ...
Scribal Practices

Scribal Practices  

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Religion
The documents from the Judean Desert constitute the largest corpus of texts in nonlapidary scripts providing information about scribal habits in early Israel relating to biblical and nonbiblical ...
Sola Scriptura

Sola Scriptura  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Lat., ‘by scripture alone’).The belief that the truths of Christian faith and practice can and must be established from scripture alone, without additions from, e.g., tradition or development. It ...
tradition

tradition  

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Religion
Traditionalists believe that inherited conventions, social forms, modes of government or social institutions, have evolved over time as effective adaptations to the needs of people, and therefore ...
Vatican Council, Second

Vatican Council, Second  

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Religion
(1962–5), reckoned by RCs the 21st Oecumenical Council. The decision to hold a Council was apparently due entirely to John XXIII; it was intended to renew the life of the Church and to bring up to ...

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