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Adhemar of Chabannes

Adhemar of Chabannes  

(989–1034) Monk, chronicler, composer of liturgical music, and forger.More of his autograph MSS survive than for any other author from the early MA. He is best known for his ...
Ælfric

Ælfric  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(c.945–c.1015), Anglo-Saxon abbot, prose writer, and educator. His works, including sermons, saints' lives, and biblical translations, were intended to teach both monastic novices and laypeople. His ...
art and architecture: Mozarabic

art and architecture: Mozarabic  

A Castilian word, Mozarab, derives from the Arabic mustarib (meaning Arabised). The label Mozarabic is generally used to describe the art and architecture of Christians living in the areas of ...
art, Anglo-Saxon

art, Anglo-Saxon  

The art of England from the early MA through the mid 11th century, though in the field of manuscript illumination, it is generally restricted to the late 9th through the ...
Artists and Artisans

Artists and Artisans  

Egyptologists long debated whether the statuary, painting, and relief created during the three millennia of pharaonic history could properly be considered art, since those products were intended to ...
Ashurbanipal's library

Ashurbanipal's library  

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Wishing to raise cultural standards, Ashurbanipal, king of Assyria (668–628bc), decided to establish a library at Nineveh. He therefore sent agents out to every corner of the empire to gather ...
Auct. Bible

Auct. Bible  

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*Bodleian Library MS Auct. E. inf. 1–2 was produced at Winchester, in two stages, c.1160 and c.1170–80. One of a number of highly decorated, two-volume, lectern bibles produced in England ...
Aureus of St Emmeram, Codex

Aureus of St Emmeram, Codex  

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Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, MS clm. 14000 is a large gospel book made for Charlemagne’s grandson, the emperor Charles the Bald. Copied by two named scribes, it was completed in 870 ...
Bernat Desclot

Bernat Desclot  

(d. 1287)Little is known of his life though he is often identified as Bernat Escrivà, scribe and treasurer of Pere III of Catalonia (IV of Aragon) (1276–85). He wrote ...
Bible illustration

Bible illustration  

In the early Christian period single books or groups of books, rather than complete bibles, tended to be illustrated. The most commonly illustrated were the Pentateuch (the five books of ...
book illustration

book illustration  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
The earliest printed books were illustrated with illuminations added by hand with a view to making the books resemble illuminated manuscripts. Subsequently books were illustrated with woodcuts and ...
Book of St Chad

Book of St Chad  

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Lichfield Cathedral MS 1. The surviving volume of a two-volume gospel book containing Matthew, Mark, and the beginning of Luke, copied by a single scribe in half-uncial script in the ...
bookhand

bookhand  

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A formal script used by trained scribes for the copying of texts or documents. It may be distinguished from less formal, cursive hands by its emphasis on the clarity and ...
calligraphy

calligraphy  

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1. Decorative handwritten lettering.2. The art of fine handwriting.3. Calligraphic type: any typefaces designed to resemble handwriting.
Canterbury Tales

Canterbury Tales  

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Literature
Late 14th‐cent. unfinished masterpiece by Chaucer. The General Prologue presents portraits of diverse pilgrims congregated at the Tabard inn (Southwark), including a battle‐worn Knight, sweetly ...
cities

cities  

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History
A large, densely populated urban settlement, larger than a town, which can include two or more independent administrative districts within it and usually has suburbs.
codicology

codicology  

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A term of modern coinage, ‘codicology’ denotes the study of manuscript books, or codices, in all aspects, including their physical structure, texts, script, binding, decoration, and other features of ...
colophon

colophon  

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The publisher's imprint or emblem usually displayed on the title page of a book; or (in older books) an inscription placed at the end of a book, naming the printer and the date and place of ...
copperplate

copperplate  

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A style of calligraphic script of rounded, cursive letters. This round hand developed in the 18th century in imitation of the copper-plate engravings of handwriting models in books by ...
copy

copy  

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In a manuscript context, a copy is generally taken to be a written document in which is transcribed the text of another document; hence a reproduction or duplicate of the ...

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