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Martin Schongauer

(c. 1440—1491)

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Albrecht Dürer

Albrecht Dürer  

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(b Nuremberg, 21 May 1471; d Nuremberg, 6 Apr. 1528).German printmaker, painter, draughtsman, and writer, the greatest figure of Renaissance art in northern Europe. He was the son of a goldsmith, ...
Bartholomäus Zeitblom

Bartholomäus Zeitblom  

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(1455×60–c. 1520).German painter from Nördlingen who settled in Ulm. Though connected, by marriage, to the painters Friedrich Herlin, of Nördlingen, and Hans Schüchlin (c. 1430–1505), of Ulm, ...
Catholic

Catholic  

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Religion
The word, meaning ‘general’ or ‘universal’, has come to have various uses in Christian terminology: (1) Of the universal Church as distinct from local Christian communities.(2) In the sense of ...
Colmar

Colmar  

Attested from 823, not far from the mother-parish of Horburg, Colmar (Columbarium) was the chief town of a fisc given by Louis the Pious to the abbey of Münster (founded ...
drapery

drapery  

The artistic depiction of draped clothing in classical antiquity was not recovered at the Renaissance, but rather had a continuous history from antiquity to the Renaissance. For centuries after the ...
engraving

engraving  

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Term applied in its broadest sense to the various processes of cutting a design into a plate or block of metal or wood, and to the prints taken from these plates or blocks (see print for a ...
Fernando Gallego

Fernando Gallego  

(fl. 1468–1507),Spanish painter of Galician extraction and the principal exponent of the Hispano-Flemish style in Spanish art. Between 1479 and 1493 he painted the ceiling of the Old Library ...
German art

German art  

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The extent to which one can speak of the ‘Germanness’ of German art is a question that has exercised both artists and historians from at least the 16th century, when ...
Glockendon

Glockendon  

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German illuminators and printsellers active in Nuremberg at the end of the 15th and the beginning of the 16th century. Georg I (active 1484–1514), son of Albrecht Glockenden I, was ...
Hans the Elder Burgkmair

Hans the Elder Burgkmair  

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(b Augsburg, 1473; d Augsburg, May/Aug. 1531).German painter and designer of woodcuts, the leading artist of his day in Augsburg. He was the son of a painter, Thoman Burgkmair (c.1445–1523), who was ...
Jan Joest

Jan Joest  

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(b ?Wesel, c.1450/60; d Haarlem, 1519).German-Netherlandish painter, often known as Joest van Calcar (or Kalkar), after one of his main places of work, Kalkar in the Rhine valley. It ...
Limoges enamel

Limoges enamel  

A school of enamel painters which began in Limoges, France, in the mid-12th century and flourished until the 14th, using the champlevé technique. It became the main centre for ecclesiastical enamels, ...
line engraving

line engraving  

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Term applied to a method of making prints (and the print so made) in which the design is cut directly into the surface of a metal (usually copper) plate. In normal parlance the word ‘engraving’ ...
M. S. Master

M. S. Master  

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(active in the decades around 1500)The most outstanding of the late Gothic artists of Hungary. He is named from the monogram, accompanied by the date 1506, on a Resurrection ...
Master E. S.

Master E. S.  

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(active c. 1450–67).German, or possibly Swiss, engraver (see line engraving) and goldsmith and the first engraver to sign his plates with a monogram. More than 300 of his engravings ...
Nicolaus Gerhaert

Nicolaus Gerhaert  

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(b ?Leiden; d Wiener Neustadt, Austria, ?1473).Sculptor, perhaps of Netherlandish origin, active in Germany and Austria, an artist of great power and originality. He is first recorded in 1462 in ...
vox Populi

vox Populi  

The opinions or beliefs of the majority; the Latin phrase is recorded in English from the mid 16th century.vox pop abbreviation meaning popular opinion as represented by informal comments from ...

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