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Friedrich Schiller

(1759—1805) German dramatist, poet, historian, and critic

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Adelaide Ristori

Adelaide Ristori  

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(1822–1906), actress.The great Italian tragedienne was usually perceived as the successor to Rachel on international stages. She began the first of several American tours in 1866 as Medea, and ...
Adolf von Wilbrandt

Adolf von Wilbrandt  

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Literature
(1837–1911)German playwright and director who worked at the Burgtheater in Vienna in the 1870s and 1880s (artistic director 1881–8). He maintained the Burgtheater's tradition of performing the ...
American Conservatory Theatre

American Conservatory Theatre  

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(ACT)Founded in 1965 in Pittsburgh by director William Ball, it moved the following year to Stanford University before finding a permanent home at San Francisco's Geary Theater in 1967 ...
ancients and moderns

ancients and moderns  

Medieval readers and writers were strongly aware of their relationship to the past. They viewed classical learning as their inheritance and assumed the responsibility of safeguarding and transmitting ...
Anthologie auf das Jahr 1782

Anthologie auf das Jahr 1782  

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Literature
Collection of poems published by Schiller in Stuttgart in the autumn of 1781. Some friends contributed, but the majority of the poems are by Schiller himself. The most important are the tormented, ...
Arabian Nights

Arabian Nights  

Also referred to as The Thousand and One Nights, or Alf layla wa layla, The Arabian Nights is a collection of highly entertaining tales that have traveled easily from one ...
August Bassermann

August Bassermann  

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(1848–1931),German actòr, uncle of the above, who made his début at Dresden in 1873 and later appeared at the Vienna Stadttheater in such parts as Rolla in Sheridan's Pizarro ...
August Wilhelm Iffland

August Wilhelm Iffland  

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(1759–1814),German actor and playwright, who virtually controlled the National Theatre at Mannheim from its foundation in 1778 until 1796, playing Franz Moor in the first production of Schiller's Die ...
autonomy

autonomy  

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Free will; self-governing, ability of a person or a group to choose a course of action. Autonomy is a basic human right and is one of the principles of bioethics.
Berlin Royal Theatre

Berlin Royal Theatre  

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Founded in 1787 by King Friedrich Wilhelm II as a ‘national theatre’, the first building was erected on the Gendarmenmarkt. The theatre provided a mixture of opera, ballet, and drama ...
Bernard Sobel

Bernard Sobel  

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(1936– )French director. Strongly influenced by the Berliner Ensemble, Sobel's early work included assisting both Benno Besson and Jean Vilar. With Jacques Roussillon, he founded and co-directed the ...
Bogumił Dawison

Bogumił Dawison  

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(1818–72)Polish actor. Dawison gradually gained respect and star status in Lvov. Bilingual, he began to perform with the German company as well. At first this hampered his career, since ...
Boris Pasternak

Boris Pasternak  

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Literature
(1890–1960),Russian poet and prose writer. His world‐wide fame is based on his novel Doctor Zhivago (1957), a work which he intended to be his testament, a witness to the experience of the Russian ...
Bürgerliches Trauerspiel

Bürgerliches Trauerspiel  

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Domestic middle-class or bourgeois tragedy in prose inaugurated in Germany by Lessing's Miss Sara Sampson (1755). Written under the influence of Diderot and Lillo, it refuted Aristotle's assertion ...
Burgtheater

Burgtheater  

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Founded in 1741 as the Habsburg court theatre in Vienna, in 1776 Emperor Josef II designated it as a ‘German National Theatre’. The Burgtheater's first flowering came under Joseph Schreyvogel ...
Carlo Gozzi

Carlo Gozzi  

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Literature
(1720–1806),Italian dramatist, who tried to reform the moribund commedia dell'arte in the mid-18th century by using its characters and methods, but not its subject-matter, for a new type of ...
Charlotte von Schiller

Charlotte von Schiller  

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(Rudolstadt, 1766–1826, Bonn),wife of J. C. Friedrich Schiller, was a Fräulein von Lengefeld and a cousin of Schiller's friend, Wilhelm von Wolzogen (1762–1809). Schiller and she first made ...
Das Mädchen aus der Fremde

Das Mädchen aus der Fremde  

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Literature
A poem by Schiller, first published in the Musenalmanach for 1797. The maiden (Das Mädchen) is a symbol for poetry.
Der Verbrecher aus verlorener Ehre

Der Verbrecher aus verlorener Ehre  

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Literature
A story by Schiller, written in 1785 and published in his periodical Die Thalia in 1786, where its title ran Der Verbrecher aus Infamie. The revised title first appeared in Schiller's Kleinere ...
Devrient family

Devrient family  

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Of Huguenot origins, the first and greatest member of the family, Ludwig (1784–1832), made his name acting leading roles at the Dessau and Breslau court theatres before being called to ...

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