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allaesthesia

allaesthesia  

A disturbance of body schema in which tactile stimulation on one side of the body is perceived on the other, usually as a result of a lesion in the cerebral cortex, brainstem, or spinal cord. Also ...
attribute

attribute  

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Overview Page
A characteristic of a product or service that can be measured by a rating having only two possible states, e.g. good or bad, acceptable or not acceptable, etc. Compare variable.
body image

body image  

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(body schema) the individual’s concept of the disposition of his limbs and the identity of the different parts of his body. It is a function of the association areas of the brain. See also ...
bottom-up processing

bottom-up processing  

Any form of information processing that is initiated, guided, and determined by input and that proceeds in sequential stages, with each stage coming closer to a final interpretation than the last, as ...
categorization

categorization  

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Subject:
Media studies
1. Classifying things: dividing them into groups according to shared characteristics and labelling these. Taxonomy is the name given to the activity of systematic categorization (e.g. taxonomies of ...
causal schema

causal schema  

A concept introduced in 1958 by the Austrian-born US psychologist Fritz Heider (1896–1988) to denote a conceptual organization of a sequence of events in which some are identified as causes and ...
cognition

cognition  

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Overview Page
Cognitive processes are those responsible for knowledge and awareness. They include the processing of experience, perception, and memory, as well as overtly verbal thinking.
comprehension

comprehension  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. Broadly, the mental processes involved in making sense of any communication.2. (literal comprehension) Ascribing plausible meanings to message elements and understanding their denotation. See also ...
constructive memory

constructive memory  

The production of memories under the influence of prior experience and expectations in such a way that existing schemas or new information affect how the information is stored in memory. See also ...
constructivism

constructivism  

Many cognitive psychologists now believe that humans learn most effectively where new information can be assimilated with previously held knowledge. This philosophy of learning is known as ...
context

context  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. Most broadly, any frame of reference or framework within which something is perceived, produced, consumed, communicated, interpreted, or otherwise experienced, or which is seen as relevant to the ...
déjà vu

déjà vu  

A vivid psychic experience in which immediately contemporary events seem to be a repetition of previous happenings. It is a symptom of some forms of epilepsy. See also jamais vu.
far transfer

far transfer  

A form of transfer of learning that occurs when a performer acquires general skills that can be used later in more specific situations. See also schema.
forgetting

forgetting  

The process by which memories are lost. See decay theory, memory, proactive interference, retroactive interference.
frame

frame  

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Overview Page
See also framing.1. A physical structure within which a painting, drawing, or photograph is formally displayed: see also landscape format; portrait format.2. A printed border around material on a ...
framing

framing  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
See also frame.1. Putting a border (or frame) around an image (or text) to mark its boundaries and to establish some degree of conceptual autonomy from its current context. The metaphor of framing in ...
heuristic play

heuristic play  

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Overview Page
Heuristic learning encompasses the notion of exploratory play which is self‐directed by the infant and young child. Eleanor Goldschmied uses the specific term ‘heuristic play with objects’ to explore ...
implied reader

implied reader  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
In Iser's phenomenological theory of reader-response, a hypothetical ‘role’ or ‘model’ of someone assumed by the author to share the knowledge necessary in order to fully understand the text, as ...
indirect perception

indirect perception  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
An approach to perception associated with psychologists Gregory and Rock, in which it is conceptualized as a very active cognitive process of meaning-making (see also constructivism). The emphasis is ...
information

information  

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Overview Page
Data that have been transformed through analysis and interpretation into a form which is useful for drawing conclusions and making decisions. See also management information.

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