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Climate Impacts

Climate Impacts  

The accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere due to fossil fuel combustion, land use change, and other anthropogenic activities may have begun to change the global climate system (Houghton ...
climate models

climate models  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A simulation of how the climate system works, usually using large and complex computer programs that are based on mathematical equations derived from knowledge of the physics that governs the ...
Decarbonization

Decarbonization  

Decarbonization refers to long-term decreases in specific emissions of carbon dioxide per unit of energy. Phrased slightly differently, it refers to the historical decrease in the carbon intensity of ...
environmental information system

environmental information system  

(EIS)The storage and analysis of environmental data using a computer, which might include use of geographical information systems (GIS), remote sensing, and simulation, which make it much easier to ...
Extreme Events

Extreme Events  

Among the possible consequences of global climate change are changes in the severity and frequency of extreme events such as floods, droughts, tropical cyclones, and severe thunderstorms. [See ...
forecasting

forecasting  

The art of estimating future demand for goods or services by anticipating how buyers are likely to react under given sets of conditions. See qualitative forecasting techniques; quantitative ...
Future Studies

Future Studies  

Future studies refers to the study of forces creating the future—both their possible outcomes and their implications for present decisions.Three methodologies predominate in future studies. In ...
general circulation model

general circulation model  

(GCM)A computer simulation of the general circulation of the atmosphere for purposes of climatological studies. The atmosphere is contained within a notional three-dimensional grid and its condition ...
hazard identification

hazard identification  

The process of determining whether exposure to a particular agent might affect human health.
health planning

health planning  

A prominent activity of all health departments is short-term, medium-term, and long-range planning. Important considerations are resource allocation, priority setting, distribution of staff and ...
Limits To Growth

Limits To Growth  

All organisms are subject to some constraint on their numbers; no species can grow infinitely abundant. For organisms such as bacteria, this phenomenon can be observed in a microcosm. The ...
Limits to Growth

Limits to Growth  

A report written on behalf of the Club of Rome by Dennis and Donella Meadows in 1971. Using dynamic computer models of various possible future scenarios for world growth it predicted that serious ...
population projection

population projection  

The prediction of future populations based on the present age–sex structure, and with the present rates of fertility, mortality, and migration. Wilson and Rees (2005) Pop. Space Place 11 review ...
Scenarios

Scenarios   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

If there is one thing we can all agree on, it is that the future is uncertain. Yet the pressing

valuation

valuation  

The act of determining or estimating the value or worth of an object.
worst case scenario

worst case scenario  

The scenario that produces the worst outcome imaginable for a given set of assumptions and conditions.

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