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Abiathar

Abiathar  

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Religion
A priest in the army of King David (2 Sam. 20: 25), who later supported Adonijah's unsuccessful bid for the throne against Solomon. The king (Solomon) banished Abiathar to his estate at Anathoth (1 ...
Adullam

Adullam  

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Religion
A place in the hills of Judah. When David fled from Saul he hid in a cave nearby and there gathered a supportive force of malcontents (1 Sam. 22: 1–2). Hence the term Adullamites applied by John ...
Afterlife

Afterlife  

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Religion
In Islam, one's condition in the afterlife, whether in heaven or hell, is determined by the degree to which one has affirmed the unity and justice of God, acted with mercy and justice toward others, ...
Agag

Agag  

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King of the Amalekites, whose life was spared by Saul after Israel's victory. For this act of mercy he was denounced by the prophet Samuel, who then himself hacked Agag in pieces (1 Sam. 15).
Ahimelech

Ahimelech  

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Priest at Nob (1 Sam. 21: 1–6). During his flight from Saul, David, desperate for food, was given the bread of the presence by Ahimelech. The gesture is used by Jesus (Matt. 12: 3–4) in defence of ...
Amalek

Amalek  

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Religion
The name of a tribe that attacked the Israelites in the wilderness (Exodus 17: 8–16; Deuteronomy 25: 17–19), whose memory was to be ‘blotted out’. In the later Jewish tradition the actual identity of ...
Ammon.

Ammon.  

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Religion
A tribal state located to the east of the Jordan River (Map 1:Y‐Z4) that played a marginally significant role in the history of Palestine during the Iron Age. Relatively little ...
Ammonites

Ammonites  

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Religion
Inhabitants of land east of the River Jordan (= modern state of Jordan, whose capital is Amman): there was intermittent warfare between Israel and Ammon with oscillating fortunes. In spite of ...
ancestor worship

ancestor worship  

The real or supposed ancestors of the Hebrews were venerated and were felt to be so close that their descendants even continued to suffer for their sins (Exod. 20: 5). Not surprisingly it would seem ...
anointing

anointing  

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Religion
A ceremonial action to separate persons and things from profane use and to obtain for them the infusion of Divine grace. In the OT priests and kings are anointed, and the future deliverer is ...
Baal

Baal  

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Religion
A male fertility god whose cult was widespread in ancient Phoenician and Canaanite lands and was strongly resisted by the Hebrew prophets. The name comes from Hebrew ba῾al ‘lord’.
ban

ban  

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Religion
Things or persons seized in warfare were placed under a ban, that is regarded as out of bounds for Israelites and wholly dedicated to God. Objects not necessarily taken in battle might also be ...
Beeroth

Beeroth  

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Religion
A Benjaminite city (Josh. 9: 17) where the murderers of Ishbaal, son of Saul, lived (2 Sam. 4: 2–3), probably about 15 km. (9 miles) north of Jerusalem.
Benjamin

Benjamin  

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The younger son of Jacob and Rachel (Gen. 35: 18), from whom the tribe of Benjamin claimed to be descended. He is mentioned as being close to Joseph, and this suggests that historically the ...
Bethlehem

Bethlehem  

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Religion
A small town to the south of Jerusalem, first mentioned in Egyptian records of the 14th century bc. It was the native city of King David and is the reputed birthplace of Jesus. (See also bedlam.)
Book of Chronicles

Book of Chronicles  

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Religion
These OT Books record the history of Israel and Judah from the creation to the return from Exile (c.539 bc). In the Hebrew Bible they are a single Book; the division goes back to the Septuagint, ...
Book of Judges

Book of Judges  

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Religion
This OT Book traces the history of the Israelites from Joshua's death to the beginning of the monarchy, describing incidents connected with the conquest of Palestine, and woven round the names of ...
Books of Kings

Books of Kings  

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The two OT Books of Kings were originally a single Book, which was divided by the Greek translators, who grouped them with the Books of Samuel and called all four the ‘Books of the Reigns’. This ...
Books of Samuel

Books of Samuel  

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The eighth book of the Hebrew scriptures. Originally a single work, it was subdivided in the Septuagint and Vulgate (which has four Books of Kings).
burial Customs.

burial Customs.  

(500–1500)The burial customs during the medieval period across Europe were, in broad terms, remarkably uniform, within and between the Christian, Muslim, and Jewish religions, although the details of ...

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