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Ada

Ada  

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Satrap (see Mausolus) of the Persian province of Caria, youngest child of Hecatomnus, sister of Mausolus and of Idrieus, to whom she was incestuously married and with whom she was ...
Amyzon

Amyzon  

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Remote but important sanctuary in Caria, north of Mylasa. Greek inscriptions have been found there dating from the time of the 4th-cent. bc Hecatomnid satrap Idrieus, also of Philip (2) ...
Artabazus

Artabazus  

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(c. 387–c. 325 bc),son of Pharnabazus, satrap of Dascylium, and Apame, daughter of Artaxerxes (2) II; c.361/0 he succeeded his half-brother, Ariobarzanes, who had been executed for rebellion (see ...
Artemisia

Artemisia  

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Daughter of Hecatomnus, ruled Caria (south-west Asia Minor) with her full brother and incestuous husband Mausolus in the mid-4th cent.bc: Ilabraunda (1972), no. 40, joint decree in Greek (‘it seemed ...
Cappadocia

Cappadocia  

An ancient region of central Asia Minor, between Lake Tuz and the Euphrates, north of Cilicia. It was an important centre of early Christianity.
Chariton

Chariton  

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Greek novelist, author of the eight-book Chaereas and Callirhoë (Ta peri Chairean kai Kallirhoēn). He opens by naming himself and his city, Aphrodisias in Caria, claiming to be secretary to an orator ...
Cleomenes

Cleomenes  

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Of Naucratis, financial administrator. In 332/1 bc Alexander (3) the Great placed him in charge of the eastern sector of Egypt with responsibility for the fiscal system of the entire ...
Dascylium

Dascylium  

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Was the seat of the Persian satrap of Hellespontine Phrygia on the shore of Lake Dascylitis (mod. Manyas Göl) and famous for its hunting-park (Xenophon Hellenica 4. 1. 15; Hellenica ...
Diodotus I

Diodotus I  

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Founder of the Graeco-Bactrian monarchy. Formerly the Seleucid satrap of Bactria-Sogdiana, the date and circumstance of his independence remain uncertain. Some place his rebellion as early as 256 bc, ...
Eumenes

Eumenes  

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Of Cardia (c. 361–316 bc), secretary to Philip (1) II and Alexander (3) the Great of Macedon. A royal favourite, bitterly resented by many native Macedonians, he received the prestigious ...
friendship, ritualized

friendship, ritualized  

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A bond of trust, imitating kinship and reinforced by rituals, generating affection and obligations between individuals belonging to separate social units. In Greek sources this bond is called xenia; ...
Halicarnassus

Halicarnassus  

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An ancient Greek city on the SW coast of Asia Minor, at what is now the Turkish city of Bodrum. It was the birthplace of the historian Herodotus and is the site of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (see ...
Hecatomnus

Hecatomnus  

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Of Mylasa, son and successor of Hyssaldomus, was satrap (see Mausolus) of the Persian province of Caria after the fall of Tissaphernes, and commanded the fleet in the Persian operations ...
hunting

hunting  

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Epic heroes (see homer) hunt to fill their bellies or to rid the land of dangerous beasts. The boar is the most formidable antagonist; venison is highly valued; mentions of lions are problematic. ...
Idrieus

Idrieus  

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Son of Hecatomnus and younger brother of Mausolus, was satrap (see Mausolus) of the Persian province of Caria 351–344 bc with his sister-wife Ada. Idrieus helped Phocion of Athens to ...
Ionian Revolt

Ionian Revolt  

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The east Greeks, prosperous and compliant subjects of Persia from c.546/5 bc, remained uniquely quiet at Darius I's irregular accession. Further Persian expansion in Egypt, and Thrace, however, ...
Leonnatus

Leonnatus  

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(c.358–322bc),Macedonian nobleman, related to the royal house through Eurydīcē, mother of Philip II. As bodyguard of Philip, Leonnatus helped kill his murderer; under Alexander (2) the Great, whom he ...
Mausolus

Mausolus  

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Son of Hecatomnus. Ruler of Caria 377–353 bc, in conjunction with his sister and wife Artemisia, and a diffuser of Hellenism in 4th‐cent. Asia Minor, who nevertheless promoted or retained the local ...
Mazaeus

Mazaeus  

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(c. 385–328 bc),Persian noble, governed Cilicia and Syria under Artaxerxes (3) III and Darius III. After Issus (333) he vacated his satrapy and held high command at Gaugamela (331) ...
Megasthenes

Megasthenes  

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Greek ambassador at the court of Chandragupta Maurya at Pāṭaliputra,c.302 bce. His account of his travels throughout N. India, Indica, is an important historical resource on Mauryan India.

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