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Nicolas Sarkozy

(b. 1955)

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Alain Marie Juppé

Alain Marie Juppé  

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(b. 15 Aug. 1945).Prime Minister of France 1995–7 Born at Mont de Marsan, he graduated from the elite colleges École Normale Supérieure and the École Nationale d'Administration. In 1976, he became a ...
Bashar Al-Assad

Bashar Al-Assad  

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(b. Damascus, 11 Sept. 1965)Syrian; President of Syria 2000–  The second son of Hafez al-Assad, he was completing his training as an ophthalmologist in London when his older brother, Basil al-Assad, ...
Dominique de Villepin

Dominique de Villepin  

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(b. Rabat, Morocco, 14 Nov. 1953)French; Prime Minister 2005–7 The son of a French diplomat, he was a graduate of the École Nationale d'Administration and joined the Foreign Ministry in 1980, ...
Edouard Balladur

Edouard Balladur  

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(b. Izmir, Turkey, 2 May 1929)French; Prime Minister 1993–5 Balladur came from a family of French businessmen who had been settled for generations in Turkey. He took the classic civil service route ...
François Fillon

François Fillon  

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(b. Le Mans, 4 Mar. 1954)French; Prime Minister 2007–  Like his political ally Nicolas Sarkozy, Fillon studied law rather than attending the École Nationale d'Administration. He started work as a ...
Jack Mathieu Émile Lang

Jack Mathieu Émile Lang  

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(b. Mirecourt, 2 Sept. 1939)French; Arts Minister 1981–4, 1988–91, Education Minister 1992–3, 2000–02 The son of an industrialist, Lang was educated at the Lycée Poincaré in Nancy and the Law Faculty ...
Jacques Chirac

Jacques Chirac  

(1932– )French conservative politician, who used his popularity as mayor of Paris to become president of France in 1995.The son of a Parisian banker, Chirac trained at the Institut d'Études ...
Jean-Marie Le Pen

Jean-Marie Le Pen  

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(b. La Trinité-sur-Mer, 20 June 1928)French; Presidential candidate 1974, 1988, 1995, 2002, and 2007, President, National Front 1972–  Born in the western department of Morbihan, the son of a ...
Michel Louis Léon Rocard

Michel Louis Léon Rocard  

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(b. Courbevoie, 23 Aug. 1930)French; Prime Minister 1988–91, first secretary of the Parti Socialiste 1992–4 The son of a professor of physics and from a Protestant background, a member of the scout ...
Simone Anne Veil

Simone Anne Veil  

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(b. Nice, 13 July 1927)French; Minister of Health 1974–9, MEP 1979–93, President of the European Parliament 1979–82, President of the Liberal and Democratic Group 1984–9, First Minister of State ...
UMP

UMP  

A centre‐right political movement in France, founded by Jacques Chirac following his victory in the Presidential elections of 2002. Its avowed aim was to end the period of cohabitation and create a ...

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