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Battle of Saratoga

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Agrippa Hull

Agrippa Hull  

(1759–1848) African-American Revolutionary War soldier, born in Northhampton, Massachusetts. Hull served as personal orderly to Gen. John Paterson and later to Gen. Tadeusz Kosciuszko. As such he ...
American Revolution

American Revolution  

When Great Britain virtually eliminated the French from North America with the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Seven Years' War, it was expected that one of the major benefits ...
Army Corps of Engineers

Army Corps of Engineers  

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Overview Page
USACE an organization of the U.S. Army, headquartered in Washington, D.C., with approximately 34,600 civilian and 650 military men and women, responsible for providing responsive engineering ...
Battle of Bennington

Battle of Bennington  

(16 August 1777)A battle of the American War of Independence in which 1600 Green Mountain Boys under General John Stark overwhelmed 1200 German mercenaries of Burgoyne's army. Encouraged by this ...
battle of Brandywine

battle of Brandywine  

(11 September 1777)An engagement in the American War of Independence when British forces were attacking Philadelphia. Washington was outmanoeuvred by Sir William Howe and was forced to retreat with ...
Benedict Arnold

Benedict Arnold  

(1741–1801)American soldier and traitor. He was a hero of the early stages of the War of Independence, serving with conspicuous valour at Ticonderoga, the invasion of Canada, and Saratoga Springs. ...
Daniel Morgan

Daniel Morgan  

(c. 1735–1802) Revolutionary War general whose tactical genius contributed significantly to the victory at Cowpens (1781), for which he was eventually awarded a medal by Congress (1790). He left the ...
Daniel Shays

Daniel Shays  

(1747?–1825) Revolutionary War army officer and insurgent. A Massachusetts farmer, Shays rose through the ranks of the Continental army from 1775 to 1780. He was promoted to sergeant in recognition ...
Fort Stanwix

Fort Stanwix  

A colonial American military stronghold. Named after General John Stanwix, the fort was an important defence point and trading centre located between the Upper Mohawk River and Wood Creek. It fell ...
Franco-American Alliance

Franco-American Alliance  

An agreement signed by Benjamin Franklin and the comte de Vergennes, the French foreign minister, on February 6, 1778, during the Revolutionary War. Consisting of the Treaty of Amity and ...
Freeman's Farm

Freeman's Farm  

(also called the First Battle of Saratoga), a Revolutionary War battle that took place in Saratoga, New York, on September 19, 1777. British troops advanced south from Canada to capture ...
George Clinton

George Clinton  

(1739–1812)American patriot leader. He controlled the popular anti-British faction in New York City from 1768. After attending the second Continental Congress (1775–76) he helped draft the state's ...
Green Mountain Boys

Green Mountain Boys  

An army organized in Vermont by Ethan Allen in 1770, originally to oppose territorial expansion from New York and subsequently influential in the Revolutionary War, especially in taking Fort ...
Henry Dearborn

Henry Dearborn  

(1751–1829) Revolutionary War army officer and politician, born in Hampton, New Hampshire. Dearborn took an active role in some of the major engagements of the Revolution, including the battles of ...
Hessians

Hessians  

German mercenaries who fought with the British forces in North America during the Revolutionary War. The 29,000 German mercenaries represented about one-third of all British forces in America. Only ...
Horatio Gates

Horatio Gates  

(1728–1806)American general, born in England. He fought under General Braddock and Baron Amherst in the French and Indian wars but thereafter supported the American cause in the War of Independence. ...
James Wilkinson

James Wilkinson  

(1757–1825)US general and adventurer. He distinguished himself in the early days of the War of Independence. Moving to Kentucky, he became a principal figure in the confused politics of the ...
John Burgoyne

John Burgoyne  

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Literature
(1722–92)British general and dramatist. He is largely remembered for surrendering to the Americans at Saratoga (1777) in the War of American Independence. His plays include the comedies The Maid of ...
John Glover

John Glover  

(1732–97) Massachusetts fishing merchant and Revolutionary army officer, born in Salem, Massachusetts. Glover was active in the local militia as early as 1759. His schooner Hannah was chartered by ...
Lord George Germain

Lord George Germain  

(1716–85),formerly Sackville. After a promising early career, both as politician and army officer, Sackville was court‐martialled for disobeying orders at Minden in 1759. Stripped of his rank and ...

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