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Jacopo Sannazaro

(1457—1530)

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Adriano Fiorentino

Adriano Fiorentino  

(c.1450/60–c.1499),Italian sculptor and medallist, born in Florence, where he cast the bronze statuette of Bellerophon and Pegasus (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna) by Bertoldo di Giovanni. At an ...
Alonso Mudarra

Alonso Mudarra  

(c.1510–1580),Spanish composer and vihuelist who was brought up in the de Mendoza household. He became a canon at Seville Cathedral in 1546, where he became involved in musical matters ...
Arcadia

Arcadia  

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Literature
A series of verse eclogues connected by prose narrative, published 1504 by Sannazar.
Arcadia

Arcadia  

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A bleak and mountainous district in the central Peloponnese which became, as a result of references in Virgil's Eclogues, the traditional and incongruous location of the idealized world of the ...
Benedetto Menzini

Benedetto Menzini  

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Literature
(1646–1704).Satirical and lyric poet. In his Arte poetica in terza rima (1688), he attacks the Baroque poetic in the name of an archaic style based on the cult of ...
Berardino Rota

Berardino Rota  

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Literature
(1508–75).humanist and poet, born into a privileged Neapolitan family, who made an important contribution to Petrarchism in Naples. His poems include piscatorial eclogues (1560), which are much ...
Cervantes

Cervantes  

(1547–1616),the great Spanish novelist and dramatist. La Galatea (1585), a pastoral novel, was followed by his masterpiece Don Quixote (Pt I 1605; Pt II 1615), a satirical romance. He wrote several ...
Francisco de Sá de Miranda

Francisco de Sá de Miranda  

(1485–1558),Portuguese poet, born into an ancient and noble family in Coimbra. In 1505 he moved to Lisbon, where he attended the university and participated in the life of the ...
Girolamo Fontanella

Girolamo Fontanella  

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Literature
(c. 1612–43/4).Little is known of this Neapolitan poet, thought by many to be the finest writer of pastoral verse of the 17th c. He is partly indebted to Marino ...
Il Cariteo

Il Cariteo  

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Literature
(c. 1450–1514).Poet of Catalan origins, born in Barcelona, who moved to Naples in 1467/8. He made his name at the Aragonese court as a speaker, poet, and musician, and ...
Jorge de Montemayor

Jorge de Montemayor  

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Literature
(1519–61),a Portuguese poet and author who wrote mainly in Spanish. His chief work is Diana (?1559), a prose pastoral interspersed with verses, in which he transferred Arcadia to the heart of Spain. ...
Latin Influences

Latin Influences  

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Literature
Vernacular writing of the 13th and 14th c. is heavily indebted to medieval Latin traditions, from scholastic philosophy to medical, legal, and rhetorical treatises. It is the Divine Comedy which ...
Maurice Scève

Maurice Scève  

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Literature
(c.1500–1560)French poet and humanist, best known for his Délie, objet de plus haute vertu (1544), a sequence of 449 decasyllabic dizains, accompanied by 50 emblematic woodcuts, which is primarily ...
Michele Marullo

Michele Marullo  

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(c. 1453–1550).Outstanding Latin poet, who was born in Constantinople but moved to Italy after the fall of the city. He lived in Ancona and above all in Naples, where ...
Orsini, villa

Orsini, villa  

A villa in Bomarzo, 21 kilometres (13 miles) north-east of Viterbo. The villa is a converted castle perched on top of a hill, below which a rudimentary terraced garden was ...
Paolo Regio

Paolo Regio  

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Literature
(1541–1607)was a Neapolitan lawyer and cleric, becoming Bishop of Vico Equense in 1583. Author of a piscatorial prose work, the Siracusa (1569), inspired by Sannazaro's Arcadia, his later works ...
pastoral

pastoral  

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Literature
Relating to shepherds or herdsmen, devoted to raising sheep or cattle, or more generally a romantic or idealized image of rural life. See also bucolic.
Petrarchism

Petrarchism  

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Literature
During the 15th and 16th c. Petrarch's vernacular lyric poetry—the Canzoniere rather than the Trionfi—was widely imitated both inside and outside Italy. The theory and practice of imitation varied ...
Piscatorial Eclogue

Piscatorial Eclogue  

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Literature
Marine sub-genre of pastoral poetry which flourished in the 16th c., particularly in Naples and the South. It originates in the late 1490s with Sannazaro's Eclogae piscatoriae, which substitute ...
Pomponio Gaurico

Pomponio Gaurico  

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Literature
(1481/2–1530)taught Greek and Latin at the University of Naples betweem 1512 and 1519, where he was a friend of Iacopo Sannazaro and Giovanni Pontano. He wrote a collection of ...

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