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Albert Gleizes

Albert Gleizes  

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(b Paris, 8 Dec. 1881; d Avignon, 23 June 1953).French painter, printmaker, and writer. His early work was Impressionist in style, but in 1909 he took up Cubism. In 1912 he was among the founders of ...
Allied Artists' Association

Allied Artists' Association  

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Formed in London in 1908, it was a group of progressive, pro-French artists which was led by Walter Sickert. Their models were Cézanne, Gauguin, and Van Gogh and their first exhibition was held in ...
Camille Pissarro

Camille Pissarro  

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(b Charlotte Amalie, St Thomas, Virgin Islands, 10 July 1830; d Paris, 13 Nov. 1903).French painter, printmaker, and draughtsman, born in the West Indies, where his parents (a French-Jewish father ...
Constantin Brancusi

Constantin Brancusi  

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(1876–1957)Romanian-born French sculptor and a pioneer of abstract sculpture.Brancusi was born into a large and prosperous peasant family in a district with a tradition of woodworking. After studying ...
Cubism

Cubism  

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An early 20th-century style and movement in art, especially painting, in which perspective with a single viewpoint was abandoned and use was made of simple geometric shapes, interlocking planes, and, ...
Delaunay, husband and wife

Delaunay, husband and wife  

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Painters. Robert (1885–1941) was a student of theatre design in Paris before taking up painting c.1904. His experiments with the intrinsic qualities of colour, begun c.1906, place him among the ...
Donkey's Tail

Donkey's Tail  

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Title of an exhibition organized in Moscow in 1912 by Goncharova and Larionov after they had dissociated themselves from the Knave of Diamonds group in 1911. They accused that group of being too much ...
exhibitions

exhibitions  

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The temporary display in a given location of a selection of artworks or artefacts. The very first exhibitions of *‘Old Masters’ were held in Rome and Florence in the 17th century. By the 19th century ...
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec  

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(b Albi, 24 Nov. 1864; d Château de Malromé, nr. Toulouse, 9 Sept. 1901).French painter, printmaker, and draughtsman, one of the most colourful figures in 19th-century art. The son of an outrageously ...
Henri Le Fauconnier

Henri Le Fauconnier  

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(b Hesdin, Pas-de-Calais, 5 July 1881; d Paris, Dec. 1945/Jan. 1946).French painter, mainly of figure subjects, including nudes and allegories. From about 1910 he was influenced by Cubism, but ...
Henri Matisse

Henri Matisse  

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(b Le Cateau-Cambrésis, 31 Dec. 1869; d Nice, 3 Nov. 1954)French painter and stage designer. He designed two ballets for Massine: The Song of the Nightingale (1920) and Rouge et noir (1939). His ...
Henri Rousseau

Henri Rousseau  

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(b Laval, 21 May 1844; d Paris, 2 Sept. 1910).French painter, the most celebrated of naive artists. His nickname refers to the job he held with the Paris municipal toll-collecting service (1871–93), ...
Henri-Edmond Cross

Henri-Edmond Cross  

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(1856–1910)French painter, mainly of landscapes. He worked in an Impressionist and then a Neo-Impressionist style, and his use of large dots of bright colour had a brief but important influence on ...
Jean Metzinger

Jean Metzinger  

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(b Nantes, 24 June 1883; d Paris, 3 Nov. 1956).French painter and writer on art. After passing through Neo-Impressionist and Fauvist phases he became one of the earliest devotees of Cubism and a ...
Joris-Karl Huysmans

Joris-Karl Huysmans  

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Literature
(1848–1907), French Catholic novelist. He was a member of the French Ministry of the Interior, but his main claim to fame lay in his literary work, which reflected his interest in religious art, ...
Lyonel Feininger

Lyonel Feininger  

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(b New York, 17 July 1871; d New York, 13 Jan. 1956).American painter who spent most of his career in Europe. He was born into a German-American musical family; in 1887 he moved to Germany with the ...
Mánes Union of Artists

Mánes Union of Artists  

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An association of artists in Prague, analogous to the Salon d'Automne in Paris, largely responsible for introducing progressive trends to Czech art in the early years of the 20th century. It was ...
Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp  

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(1887–1968)French painter and sculptor and a leading influence on anti-art movements in the USA.Born into a family of artists, Duchamp made his living in Paris between 1905 and 1910 by drawing ...
Neo-Impressionism

Neo-Impressionism  

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A movement in French painting—both a development from Impressionism and a reaction against it—in which the Impressionist approach to depicting light and colour was made more rational and scientific. ...
Paul Signac

Paul Signac  

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(1863–1935)French painter and writer on art. After the death of Georges Seurat in 1891 he became the acknowledged leader of the Neo-Impressionist movement, and in 1899 he published D'Eugène Delacroix ...

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