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battle of Salamis

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ancient naval warfare

ancient naval warfare  

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Ancient warships of the Mediterranean were distinguished from merchant ships, partly by having a ram, partly by being oar-powered, at least in battle, though they carried masts and sails for ...
Ancient Navies

Ancient Navies  

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History
This entry contains eight subentries: An Overview, Greece, Rome, Hellenistic States, Persia, Egypt, Carthage, PhoeniciaBecause the Mediterranean Sea was a natural pathway for trade, communication, ...
Aristides

Aristides  

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An Athenian statesman and general of the 5th century bc, known as Aristides the Just. He commanded the Athenian army at the battle of Plataea, but came into conflict with Themistocles and was ...
Athens

Athens  

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The capital of Greece, originally a flourishing city state of ancient Greece, which was an important cultural centre in the 5th century bc.Athens of America Boston.Athens of the North Edinburgh.
coast defence

coast defence  

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History
Has generally been the primary responsibility of navies, and fixed defence by land forces only a last resort. The debate over the merits of these two approaches has been acrimonious. ...
Eurybiades

Eurybiades  

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Presumably one of ‘the first in birth and wealth’ (Herodotus 7. 134. 2) among the Spartans, commanded the ‘Hellenic League’ fleet at the battles of Artemisium and Salamis (480 bc). ...
galley

galley  

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History
1 The oared fighting ship of the Mediterranean dating from about 3000 bc, and lasting into the 18th century. Originally propelled by oars arranged on a single level, galleys were developed with oars ...
Graeco-Persian wars

Graeco-Persian wars  

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(540s–330s bc). The Greeks first came into conflict with the Persians in Asia Minor, as a result of the conquest of Lydia by Cyrus ‘the Great’, probably in 546 bc. ...
Greek-Persian wars

Greek-Persian wars  

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History
Conflicts that dominated the history of the eastern Mediterranean in the first half of the 5th century bc. In 499 bc the Greek cities of Ionia in Asia Minor revolted from the Persian empire. With ...
Herodotus

Herodotus  

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(5th century bc),Greek historian. Known as ‘the Father of History’. He was the first historian to collect his materials systematically, test their accuracy to a certain extent, and arrange them in a ...
Leucas

Leucas  

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An island in the Ionian Sea, opposite the coast of Acarnania. It derived its name from the white limestone cliffs on its west coast. Its SW promontory, Cape Leucatas, has ...
Melos

Melos  

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A Greek island in the Aegean Sea, in the south-west of the Cyclades group. It was the centre of a flourishing civilization in the Bronze Age and is the site of the discovery in 1820 of a Hellenistic ...
Munichia

Munichia  

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An Attic festival held on the 16th of the month Munichion (roughly, early May) in honour of the Artemis of Munichia (1). There was sacrifice and a procession, in which ...
navy

navy  

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History
N. pl. -ies1 (often the navy or the Navy) the branch of a nation's armed services that conducts military operations at sea.2 the ships of a navy: a 600-ship navy.[...]
odeum

odeum  

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[MC]A small building in form and plan like a theatre with semi‐circular seating. Some were roofed. Chiefly used for musical contests, concerts, and meetings.
Paros

Paros  

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A Greek island in the southern Aegean, in the Cyclades. It is noted for the translucent white Parian marble which has been quarried there since the 6th century bc.
Persian Wars

Persian Wars  

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The two Persian expeditions against Greece in 490 and 480/79 bc. The origins of the conflict go back to mainland Greek involvement in the rebellion of the Asiatic Greeks against Persian rule, earlier ...
Phayllus

Phayllus  

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An athlete (see athletics) from Croton in south Italy who gained three victories in the Pythian Games and also fought at Salamis (480 bc; see Salamis, battle of) in a ...
Salamis

Salamis  

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An island in the Saronic Gulf in Greece, to the west of Athens. The strait between the island and the mainland was the scene in 480 bc of a crushing defeat of the Persian fleet under Xerxes I by the ...
ship

ship  

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History
From the Old English scip, the generic name for seagoing vessels, as opposed to boats, though submarines are known as boats as are the different types of fishing vessels. Ships were originally ...

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