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Adiaphorists

Adiaphorists  

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Religion
A party in German Protestantism which held that certain rules and actions were matters of indifference. The first controversy on the subject broke out in connection with the Leipzig Interim (1548). ...
Algeria

Algeria  

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Literature
Algeria is now much more peaceful, but its democracy is fragile and still vulnerable to occasional terrorismAlgeria has a narrow coastal plain which is regularly broken by parts of the Atlas range of ...
All Saints' Day

All Saints' Day  

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Religion
The feast, now kept in the W. on 1 Nov., to celebrate all Christian saints, known or unknown. It was apparently originally kept on the first Sunday after Pentecost, as it still is in the E. Its ...
Anargyroi

Anargyroi  

(ἀνάργυροι, lit. “without money”), epithet of healing saints who, unlike secular physicians, performed cures without taking payment. The wondrous healing of the anargyroi was favorably contrasted ...
angel

angel  

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Religion
Hermes was the messenger of Zeus. Iris was ascribed the same function; for Plato the two are the divine angeloi. By the 3rd cent. ad, angels played a large part in Judaism and Christianity, and they ...
Artemios

Artemios  

(᾽Αρτέμιος), saint; died Antioch ca.362; feastday 20 Oct.Born to a noble family, Artemios was governor of Egypt in 360. An Arian supporter of Constantius II, Artemios persecuted both pagans ...
Arts, Visual

Arts, Visual  

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The subject of warriors and warfare has a long history in the art of the Middle Ages. It becomes, however, particularly popular and rich in application around the tenth century ...
Barakah

Barakah  

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Religion
Blessing conferred by God upon humankind. The term has a wide range of meanings depending on context. Uncommonly pious individuals are endowed with it (as is the Quran). In popular Islam, merely ...
Battle of Clavijo

Battle of Clavijo  

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Legend has it that in the year 844 at Clavijo, 18 miles from Logroño in northeastern Spain, Saint James (Santiago) appeared on the battlefield and helped King Ramiro I of ...
beatification

beatification  

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Religion
In the Roman Catholic Church, declaration by the Pope that a dead person is in a state of bliss, constituting the first step towards canonization and permitting public veneration.
bioethics

bioethics  

(by-oh-eth-iks)an area of applied ethics relating to moral behaviour in the life sciences. Medical ethics is now often considered a subspecialty of bioethics (biomedical ethics).
Biography and Hagiography

Biography and Hagiography  

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Religion
Religious biography assumed a large importance in Islamic civilization from the earliest period, when various biographical genres enumerated the virtues of the Prophet Muḥammadʾs associates, ...
blessing

blessing  

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Religion
A blessing in disguise an apparent misfortune that eventually has good results, recorded from the mid 18th century.blessings brighten as they take their flight it is only when something is lost that ...
Bollandists

Bollandists  

A small group of Belgian Jesuit scholars of hagiology. It was begun by John van Bolland (1596–1665) to publish the Acta Sanctorum, a massive critical collection of the lives of Christian saints.[...]
Book of Revelation

Book of Revelation  

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Religion
The last Book of the NT and the only one that is an Apocalypse. Apart from the letters to the Seven Churches of Asia Minor, the Book consists of a series of visions.The author is identified as ‘John’ ...
Calendars and Calendrical Systems

Calendars and Calendrical Systems  

[This entry comprises three articles:Mesoamerican CalendarChristian CalendarCorrelation of CalendarsThe first article outlines the basic structure and mechanics of the Mesoamerican calendar; the ...
canonization

canonization  

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Religion
In the RC Church the definitive sentence by which the Pope declares a particular dead person to have already entered into heavenly glory and ordains for the new ‘saint’ a public cult throughout the ...
Christian

Christian  

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Religion
The name may well have been applied to followers of Christ in the first instance by opponents. According to Acts 11: 26 it was first heard in Antioch of Syria. By the time that 1 Pet. 4: 16 was ...
Christianity

Christianity  

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Religion
The religion based on the person and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, or its beliefs and practices. It originated among the Jewish followers of Jesus of Nazareth, who believed that he was the promised ...
Church Discipline

Church Discipline  

In the 1960s and 1970s, scholars became interested in the notion of “discipline” as a means of social control and cultural formation. By far the most influential was Michel Foucault ...

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