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Muḥammad Bāqir al- Ṣadr

(d. 1980)

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economics

economics  

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Religion
The study of the production, distribution, and consumption of resources, and the management of state income and expenditure. See also classical economics, ecological economics, environmental ...
Ḥawzah

Ḥawzah  

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Religion
In the Shīʿī shrine cities of Najaf and Karbala in Iraq and Qom, Iran, ḥawzah denotes a community of learning that encompasses circles of study, scholarly activities, and social bonds. ...
Hizb al-Dawah al-Islamiyyah

Hizb al-Dawah al-Islamiyyah  

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Also known as the Islamic Call Party. Formed 1958–59 in Iraq by Shii ulama to work for social justice and foundation of Islamic state. Most prominent Shii activist group by late 1970s. Inspired by ...
Iraq

Iraq  

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History
Post-war Iraq descended into chaos but has now achieved a degree of political stabilityThe heart of Iraq, forming around one-third of the territory, is the alluvial and often marshy basin of the ...
Muhammad Baqir al- Hakim

Muhammad Baqir al- Hakim  

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(b. 1939) Iraqi political activist and Shii scholar.Son of the Grand Ayatollah Muhsen al-Hakim (d. 1970) and close associate of Ayatollah Mohammed Baqir al-Sadr (d. 1980). Since the 1970s, a key ...
Muhammad Husayn Fadlallah

Muhammad Husayn Fadlallah  

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(1935–2010)Lebanese Shii cleric and leader of Hizb Allah. Born and educated in Iraq. From 1985, president of the Lebanese council of Hizb Allah and vice president of the central council of ...
Ṣadr, Muḥammad-Ṣadiq al-

Ṣadr, Muḥammad-Ṣadiq al-  

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Religion
Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Muhammad-Sadiq al-Sadr (1943–1999) was a prominent, prolific, and controversial Shiʿi marjaʿ (religious authority) in the 1990s in Iraq, initiator of a populist, ...

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