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Greek sacrifice

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altar

altar  

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Religion
The table in a Christian church at which the bread and wine are consecrated in communion services; a table or flat-topped block used as the focus for a religious ritual, especially for making ...
animal

animal  

Animal Farm a fable (1945) by George Orwell which consists of a satire on Russian Communism as it developed under Stalin. The animals of the farm, led by the pigs, revolt against the cruel farmer, ...
animals in cult

animals in cult  

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Numerous features of Greek religion attest links between animals and gods, usually between one animal or group of animals and one divinity. Thus Athena is associated with various birds (in Athens ...
apex

apex  

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A special kind of cap worn by Roman flamines, Salii, and some other priests. The word is said originally to have meant not the whole cap, but the spike or ...
Boedromia

Boedromia  

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Literally ‘festival of running to help in response to a cry for aid’ (or of the god associated therewith), a minor Attic festival of Apollo. Both the associated month-name Boedromion ...
cake

cake  

Baked from flour with added fat (butter or margarine), sugar, and eggs. Plain cakes are made by rubbing the fat and sugar into the flour, with no egg; sponge cakes by whipping with or without fat; ...
Christianity

Christianity  

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Religion
The religion based on the person and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, or its beliefs and practices. It originated among the Jewish followers of Jesus of Nazareth, who believed that he was the promised ...
cookery

cookery  

Modern European cookery has its origins in fifteenth-century Italy, when cooks began to prepare and serve food imaginatively and to experiment with new recipes. The Diarii of Marino Sanuto record ...
crown

crown  

A crown is the emblem of St Louis, St Olaf, St Wenceslas, and other royal saints.The expression the Crown is used for the reigning monarch representing a country's government, or the power or ...
Despoina

Despoina  

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‘The Mistress’, an Arcadian goddess worshipped at Lycosura together with her mother Demeter, her foster-father Anytus, and Artemis (Pausanias 8. 37. 3–9); there was an altar to her father, Poseidon ...
Dionysus

Dionysus  

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In Greek mythology, a god, son of Zeus and Semele; his worship entered Greece from Thrace c.1000 bc. Originally a god of the fertility of nature, associated with wild and ecstatic religious rites, in ...
fasting

fasting  

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Religion
Going without food. The metabolic fasting state begins some 4 hours after a meal, when the digestion and absorption of food is complete and body reserves of fat and glycogen begin to be mobilized. In ...
genos

genos  

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The word genos was widely and variously used in Greek of all periods to denote ‘species’, ‘genus’, ‘sort’, ‘category’, ‘birth’, ‘kin’, ‘race’, ‘lineage’, ‘family’, ‘generation’, ‘posterity’, etc. ...
Greece

Greece  

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Archaic, Classical, HellenisticArchaic period(776–479). The conventional date for the beginning of the historical period of Greece is 776, the date of the first Olympic Games on the reckoning of ...
Greek calendar

Greek calendar  

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There was no single Greek calendar. Almost every Greek community had a calendar of its own, differing from others in the names of the months and the date of the New Year. All were, at least ...
Greek purification

Greek purification  

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The concept of ‘purification’, like that of pollution, was applied in very diverse ways in Greek ritual. Many purifications were performed not in response to specific pollutions, but as preparation ...
Greek religion

Greek religion  

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The religion of the ancient Greek world. It was polytheistic, involving the worship of several gods and goddesses. The most important deities were the sky-god Zeus (ruler of Olympus), his wife Hera ...
heroes

heroes  

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Heroes were a class of beings worshipped by the Greeks, generally conceived as the powerful dead, and often as forming a class intermediate between gods and men. Not until the 8th cent. do hero‐cults ...
incense

incense  

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Religion
Incense is used in many religious rites, the smoke being considered symbolic of prayer. There is no clear evidence of its Christian use until the last quarter of the 4th cent. The incensing of the ...
libations

libations  

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Ritual pouring of water, wine, oil, milk, or honey in honour of gods, heroes, or the dead. Libations are an act of surrender, preceding human participation in meals and other acts. They mark ...

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