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Dante Gabriel Rossetti

(1828—1882) painter and poet

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Algernon Charles Swinburne

Algernon Charles Swinburne  

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Literature
(1837–1909)Poet and critic, born into an old Northumbrian family. He spent much of his childhood in the Isle of Wight, where he acquired a lasting love of the sea ...
art Nouveau

art Nouveau  

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A style of decorative art, architecture, and design prominent in western Europe and the US from about 1890 until the First World War and characterized by intricate linear designs and flowing curves ...
Arthur Hughes

Arthur Hughes  

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(b London, 27 Jan. 1832; d Kew, Surrey [now in Greater London], 22 Dec. 1915).English painter and illustrator. In the 1850s he was one of the most distinguished of the Pre-Raphaelite sympathizers, ...
Arthur O'Shaughnessy

Arthur O'Shaughnessy  

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Literature
(1844–81),poet and friend of D. G. Rossetti. He published several volumes of poetry, his best known, ‘Ode’ (‘We are the music‐makers’), appeared in Music and Moonlight (1874) and has been noted as a ...
Beatrice

Beatrice  

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Literature
1 see Dante;2 heroine of Shakespeare's Much Ado about Nothing.
Benedetto Varchi

Benedetto Varchi  

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Literature
(1503–65).Florentine historian, man of letters, and art theorist, whose career suggests the close relationship between literature and art in Medicean Florence. Exiled from Florence, he travelled in ...
Blessed Damozel

Blessed Damozel  

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Literature
Cantata (poème lyrique) by Debussy for sop., women's ch., and orch., comp. 1887–8 on G. Sarrazin's trans. of D. G. Rossetti's poem (1850). Re‐orchestrated 1902.
book illustration

book illustration  

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History
The earliest printed books were illustrated with illuminations added by hand with a view to making the books resemble illuminated manuscripts. Subsequently books were illustrated with woodcuts and ...
caricature

caricature  

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A form of art, usually portraiture, in which characteristic features of the subject represented are distorted or exaggerated for comic effect or to make critical comment. The term is sometimes used ...
Charles Jeremiah Wells

Charles Jeremiah Wells  

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Literature
(1800–79),author (under the pseudonym of H. L. Howard) of Joseph and His Brethren: A Scriptural Drama (1824), a verse play much admired by Rossetti, republished in 1876 with an essay by Swinburne.
Christina Rossetti

Christina Rossetti  

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Literature
(1830–94),sister of D. G. and W. M. Rossetti. She was a devout High Anglican, much influenced by the Tractarians (see Oxford Movement). She contributed to the Germ (1850), where five of her poems ...
Claude Debussy

Claude Debussy  

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Music
(1862–1918)French composer and pianist, regarded as the originator of impressionism in music.The son of a shopkeeper, Debussy was first encouraged in his love of music in 1871 by Mme Mauté de ...
Dalziel brothers

Dalziel brothers  

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Firm of English wood engravers founded in London in 1839 by George Dalziel (b Wooler, Northumberland, 1 Dec. 1815; d London, 4 Aug. 1902) and Edward Dalziel (b Wooler, 5 Dec. 1817; d London, 25 Mar. ...
Daniel Maclise

Daniel Maclise  

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Literature
(bapt. Cork, 2 Feb. [b ?25 Jan.] 1806; d London, 25 Apr. 1870).Irish painter and caricaturist, active for almost all his career in London, where he moved in 1827 to study at the Royal Academy. An ...
Dante Alighieri

Dante Alighieri  

(1265–1321),Italian poet, whose reputation rests chiefly on The Divine Comedy (c. 1309–20), an epic poem describing his spiritual journey through Hell and Purgatory and finally to Paradise. His love ...
Elizabeth Barrett Browning

Elizabeth Barrett Browning  

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Literature
(1806–1861) British poetThe Battle of Marathon (1820) PoetryAn Essay on Mind (1826) PoetryPrometheus Bound (1833) PoetryThe Seraphim, and Other Poems (1838) PoetryCasa Guidi Windows (1851) ...
Elizabeth Siddal (Siddall)

Elizabeth Siddal (Siddall)  

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Literature
(1829–62),poet, painter, and red‐haired model to the Pre‐Raphaelites. She met D. G. Rossetti in 1850, and in 1852 modelled as the drowned Ophelia for Millais, who put her health at risk by demanding ...
Evelyn Waugh

Evelyn Waugh  

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Literature
(1903–1966)British novelist.Born in London, the son of a publisher, Waugh was sent to Lancing College, from which he won a scholarship to Hertford College, Oxford. On leaving university he spent ...
Ford Madox Brown

Ford Madox Brown  

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(b Calais, 16 Apr. 1821; d London, 6 Oct. 1893).English painter. The son of a retired ship’s purser, he spent his early life on the Continent; his training included ...
Fortnightly Review

Fortnightly Review  

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Literature
(1865–1934),a positivist and anti‐orthodox literary periodical. G. H. Lewes, the first editor, was succeeded by John Morley. Almost all numbers ran a serialized novel; the first contained a chapter ...

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