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Wars of the Roses

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annals and chronicles: England (4)—Crowland

annals and chronicles: England (4)—Crowland  

A Latin chronicle compiled at Crowland abbey in Lincolnshire, supposedly under abbot Ingulph in the early 12th century, but probably forged in the 15th century to support monastic land-claims. The ...
attainder

attainder  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The extinction of civil rights and powers when judgement of death or outlawry was recorded against a person convicted of treason or felony. It was the severest English common law penalty, for an ...
battle of Barnet

battle of Barnet  

1471.*Warwick, Edward IV's great ally at Towton, turned against him in 1470 and drove him out of the kingdom. Returning in March 1471, Edward landed near Hull. Warwick, in possession of London, ...
battle of Blore Heath

battle of Blore Heath  

1459.*Warwick's father, the earl of Salisbury, supported the duke of York in 1459 when he rebelled against Henry VI. He marched from Yorkshire to join York, who was in Wales, near Ludlow. Royalist ...
battle of Bosworth

battle of Bosworth  

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Overview Page
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History
1485.Richard III's usurpation of the throne of Edward V was challenged by Henry Tudor, the future Henry VII. Henry landed at Milford Haven. Richard concentrated his forces at Leicester where he could ...
battle of Hexham

battle of Hexham  

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Overview Page
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History
(15 May 1464)A battle of the Wars of the Roses in which a Yorkist force led by John Neville, Earl of Montagu, captured Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset, three miles from the town of Hexham, in ...
battle of Mortimer's Cross

battle of Mortimer's Cross  

(2 February 1461)An important battle in the Wars of the Roses, which took place at a site near Wigmore in Herefordshire. The Yorkist forces led by Edward, Earl of March, won a major victory over the ...
battle of Northampton

battle of Northampton  

1460.The Yorkist leadership fled abroad after its ignominious flight from Ludford Bridge in 1459, but returned in the summer of 1460. On 10 July Warwick and the future Edward IV encountered Henry ...
battle of St Albans

battle of St Albans  

1461.The second battle of St Albans took place on 17 February 1461. Queen Margaret hastened south to exploit her crushing victory at Wakefield and rescue her husband Henry VI, held captive by ...
battle of Stoke

battle of Stoke  

1487.Lambert Simnel, posing as Edward, earl of Warwick, and nephew to Edward IV, raised support in Ireland and was crowned in Dublin as Edward VI. He landed near Lancaster and was supported by the ...
battle of Tewkesbury

battle of Tewkesbury  

1471.The last and one of the bloodiest battles of the Wars of the Roses. Queen Margaret, still defending the claims of her husband Henry VI, landed at Weymouth the same day that Edward IV defeated ...
battle of Towton

battle of Towton  

(29 March 1461)A desperate encounter near Tadcaster in Yorkshire in a snowstorm between the army of the newly crowned Edward IV and the retreating Lancastrian forces of Queen Margaret of Anjou and ...
battle of Wakefield

battle of Wakefield  

(30 December 1460)A battle in the Wars of the Roses fought in Yorkshire. The Lancastrians defeated and killed the Yorkist claimant to the throne, Richard, 3rd Duke of York.
Beaufort

Beaufort  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
An English family descended from three illegitimate sons of John of Gaunt (fourth son of Edward III) and Katherine Swynford. The children were legitimated in 1407 but with the exclusion of any claim ...
commission of Array

commission of Array  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
This was a means of raising local troops. The commissions instructed individuals to raise troops in their area and were first issued by Edward I. Parliament succeeded in obtaining a number of ...
Earl of Warwick, Richard Neville

Earl of Warwick, Richard Neville  

(1428–71),known as ‘the Kingmaker’. Warwick was the mightiest of overmighty subjects, who was instrumental in putting Edward IV on the throne in 1461, deposing him in 1470, and restoring Henry VI. ...
earls of Devon

earls of Devon  

Baldwin de Redvers (Reviers) was created earl of Devon by Empress Matilda c.1141 for rebelling against King Stephen. A further six Redvers earls were succeeded by Isabel de Fortibus (d. ...
earls of Kildare

earls of Kildare  

A Fitzgerald family earldom begun in 1250 that reached its peak under Thomas Fitzgerald (d. 1478). Yorkist ties enabled him to reclaim lost territory and serve as both governor of ...
Edward IV

Edward IV  

(1442–83),king of England (1461–70, 1471–83). The tall and handsome ‘Rose of Rouen’, born in that city, the eldest son of Richard, duke of York, gained the throne of England in March 1461 when he was ...
family history

family history  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
From earliest times, tracing ancestors and establishing proof of relationship had practical importance for the wealthy and privileged and, in particular, for the sovereign. Records of the aristocracy ...

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