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Erwin Rommel

(1891—1944) German Field

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Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler  

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(1889–1945)German chancellor and Nazi leader (1933–45). One of the most powerful and evil leaders in the history of the world, he achieved a following in Germany and his native Austria that enabled ...
Afrika Korps

Afrika Korps  

Also the Deutsches Afrika Korps or DAK the German forces commanded by Gen. Erwin Rommel in North Africa from February 1941 to March 1943, when it became a part of ...
Albrecht Kesselring

Albrecht Kesselring  

(1885–1960)German air force chief and field-marshal who demonstrated great skill as an army commander in World War II, particularly during the defensive campaign in Italy.Commissioned in the Bavarian ...
anti-imperialism

anti-imperialism  

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The Second World War is widely believed to have encouraged the forces of anti-imperialism within the international system at large and undermined the viability of the various European colonial ...
Archibald Percival Wavell

Archibald Percival Wavell  

(1883–1950).British general, commander‐in‐chief Middle East from July 1939, he directed campaigns against Italians after June 1940. In Cyrenaica he won a series of spectacular victories from December ...
Automedon

Automedon  

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Singapore-bound British merchant ship seized by the German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis on 11 November 1940. Aboard were British war cabinet minutes of 15 August 1940 which were being taken by ...
Basil H. Liddell Hart

Basil H. Liddell Hart  

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(1895–1970), English military writer and theorist.Liddell Hart, Cambridge‐educated, served as an infantry officer on the western front in World War I (twice wounded) and retired from the army as ...
battle for the Mediterranean

battle for the Mediterranean  

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War spread to the Mediterranean basin on 10 June 1940 when Italy declared war on the UK and France (see Maps 2 and 68). Mussolini, who nursed a jealousy of ...
battle of Alam Halfa

battle of Alam Halfa  

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Fought from 30 August to 7 September 1942 when Rommel made his last attempt to break through the British line defending Egypt. It was, from the British point of view ...
battle of Arras

battle of Arras  

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(1940).On 21 May 1940, 7th Panzer Division under Rommel, leading the inner flank of the thrust from the Meuse, was temporarily checked south of Arras by an improvised British ...
battle of El Alamein

battle of El Alamein  

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A battle of the Second World War fought in 1942 at El Alamein in Egypt, 90 km (60 miles) west of Alexandria. The German Afrika Korps under Rommel was halted in its advance towards the Nile by the ...
battle of Gazala

battle of Gazala  

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Fought from 26 May to 17 June 1942 when Rommel attacked the British and Commonwealth Eighth Army's Gazala Line west of his immediate objective, Tobruk. By doing so he pre-empted ...
battle of Kasserine Pass

battle of Kasserine Pass  

A mountain pass where, on February 20, 1943, American forces attempted to force their way past Gen. Erwin Rommel's German and Italian armored units as part of the Allied effort ...
battle of Medenine

battle of Medenine  

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This was fought on 6 March 1943, during the final phase of the North African campaign, when Rommel, by then C-in-C Army Group Africa, struck at forward formations of Montgomery's ...
battle of Mersa Matruh

battle of Mersa Matruh  

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This was fought during the Western Desert campaigns after Tobruk had been captured by Rommel's forces on 21 June 1942 and the remnants of the British and Commonwealth Eighth Army ...
battles of Alamein

battles of Alamein  

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(1942),part of the Western Desert campaigns in WW II. Alamein (or al-Alamayn) lies on the Egyptian coast some 60 miles (96 km) west of Alexandria. With the extremely inhospitable—if ...
Benito Mussolini

Benito Mussolini  

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(1883–1945) Italian Fascist statesman, Prime Minister (1922–43); known as Il Duce ('the leader'). He founded the Italian Fascist Party in 1919. He annexed Abyssinia in 1936 and entered World War ...
Bernard Law Montgomery

Bernard Law Montgomery  

(1887–1976) British field marshal and Allied commander during World War II, known as Monty. Montgomery first gained fame in 1942 with his defeat of the forces of Erwin Rommel at ...
Bir Hakeim

Bir Hakeim  

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Fortress held in May–June 1942 by Maj-General Koenig's 1st Free French Brigade Group during the Western Desert campaign. Its pivotal position at the southern end of the British Gazala Line ...
Blitzkrieg

Blitzkrieg  

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(German, ‘lightning war’)A military tactic employed by the Germans in World War II, which was especially successful in campaigns against Poland, France, Greece, and the Soviet Union. It employed ...

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