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Acts of the Apostles

Acts of the Apostles  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A New Testament book immediately following the Gospels and relating the history of the early Church, and in particular the missionary journeys of St Paul and others.
Ælle

Ælle  

(d. c.514),founder of the South Saxon kingdom, is said to have landed near Selsey Bill in 477, traditionally with three sons and three ships, driving the Britons back into Andredesweald. His next ...
Albania

Albania  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
One of the poorest of the former communist states, Albania is now moving towards the European UnionThough Albania is a coastal country, not much of its territory is at sea level. Mountains make up ...
Alexander legend

Alexander legend  

Medieval fascination with the figure of Alexander goes back to the 3rd-century Greek romance of Pseudo-Callisthenes, which became known to the west in large part, though not exclusively, through the ...
Anatolia

Anatolia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
The Greek‐derived (from anatolē, ‘sunrise’) equivalent of Roman Asia Minor and modern Turkey, between the Aegean and the Euphrates.
Andechs dynasty

Andechs dynasty  

A noble dynasty with properties in western Bavaria (castle Andechs on the Ammersee), Tyrol (control of the Brenner Pass), and around Bamberg. Visible on the scene from the end of ...
annals and chronicles: Germany/Austria—Kaiserchronik

annals and chronicles: Germany/Austria—Kaiserchronik  

(between 1126 and 1147/52) First vernacular verse chronicle in the German-language area. Composed in Regensburg, the chronicle covers the history of the Roman Empire from its beginnings to the German ...
Anselm

Anselm  

Author, ambassador, bishop of Havelberg (1129–55), and archbishop of Ravenna (1155–58); born Germany? ca.1100, died Milan 12 Aug. 1158.In 1135/6 Anselm visited Constantinople as the ambassador of the ...
Antioch

Antioch  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A city in southern Turkey which was the ancient capital of Syria under the Seleucid kings, who founded it c.300 bc.
Arles

Arles  

(city, kingdom) Situated at the mouth of the Rhône delta in southern France, Arles was an important administrative centre in the late Roman Empire. After a period of decline under ...
Armenia

Armenia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A region south of the Caucasus in Asia Minor, comprising the Republic of Armenia (see Armenia, Republic of) but also parts of eastern Turkey and northern Iran. Armenian culture dates from the 6th ...
army

army  

Long before the Norman Conquest, military obligation seems to have divided into two basic forms. One was an obligation for service by all adult males, established in English law as the militia by the ...
art and architecture: Ottonian

art and architecture: Ottonian  

As befits a term derived from the political sphere, Ottonian art and architecture refers to those buildings and works of art produced in the Germanic lands (and surrounding areas) that ...
art and architecture: Romanesque

art and architecture: Romanesque  

Term describing art produced in Europe between roughly 1000 and 1200.1. Definition2. Architecture3. Monumental decoration4. Portable arts5. Secular and military works6. Artists and aesthetics1. ...
art and architecture: synagogue

art and architecture: synagogue  

Although documentary evidence attests to the existence of early medieval synagogues, archaeological remains and buildings that allow an understanding of their appearance exist only from the high MA. ...
Austria

Austria  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The resurgence of the far right has abated and Austria has returned to consensus politicsAustria is one of Western Europe's most mountainous countries. The western two-thirds of the country fall ...
Balduin von Trier

Balduin von Trier  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1285–1354),archbishop of Trier from 1307, was prominent in German politics, contriving the election of two emperors, Heinrich VII in 1308 and Ludwig IV in 1314. For a time he ...
Bardo of Mainz

Bardo of Mainz  

(d. 1051)Monk of Fulda and abbot of Werden before becoming archbishop in 1031, Bardo was a familiar at the imperial court. In 1036 he consecrated the cathedral of Mainz ...
Battle of Lechfeld

Battle of Lechfeld  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(955)A major battle fought near Augsburg, in Germany, when the forces of the Holy Roman Emperor Otto I defeated the Magyars. This put an end to their westward expansion and the long period of ...
Battle of Legnano

Battle of Legnano  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The battle of Legnano was fought on 29 May 1176 between the Lombard League of northern Italian cities and Frederick I Barbarossa, King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor. It ...

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