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Achilles Tatius

Achilles Tatius  

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Greek novelist from Alexandria, author of ‘The Story of Leucippe and Cleitophon’ (Ta kata Leukippēn kai Kleitophōnta) in eight books. Shown by papyri to be circulating by the late 2nd cent. ad, it ...
Ada Negri

Ada Negri  

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Literature
(1870–1945).Poet, novelist, and one of the first significant working-class voices in Italian literature. Brought up in poverty in Milan by a widowed mother, as she describes in her autobiographical ...
adventure Story

adventure Story  

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Literature
A loose but commonly accepted term for a kind of prose narrative addressed for the most part to boys, in which a hero or group of heroes engages in exotic and perilous exploration. It is a ...
Aimeri de Narbonne

Aimeri de Narbonne  

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Literature
Chanson de geste of the Cycle de Guillaume. The surviving version by Bertrand de Bar‐sur‐Aube dates from the end of the 12th c. Showing the influence of romance, it tells ...
Alexander Romances

Alexander Romances  

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Literature
Generic term for the large group of enormously popular narrative poems, mainly in French and with a rich iconographic tradition, devoted to the life of Alexander the Great. Deriving initially ...
Alisandre Macedo

Alisandre Macedo  

Alexander the Great (356–323 bc) of Macedon (Macedoyne), son of Philip II and Olympias, was educated by Aristotle, and soon showed himself to be a brilliant military commander. He invaded ...
Allan Cunningham

Allan Cunningham  

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Literature
(1784–1842),born in Dumfriesshire, profited from the vogue for primitivism by disguising his own poems as old Scottish songs, many of which Robert Hartley Cromek (1720–1812) then published as Remains ...
Amadis of Gaul

Amadis of Gaul  

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Literature
A Spanish or Portuguese romance, written in the form in which we have it by Garcia de Montalvo in the second half of the 15th and printed early in the 16th cent. The romance was translated into ...
Ami et Amile

Ami et Amile  

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Literature
Short (3,500‐line) chanson de geste from the turn of the 12th and 13th c., telling a story which also appears as a saint's life [see Hagiography], a romance, and a miracle play, and whose main theme ...
Andrea Baiardi

Andrea Baiardi  

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Literature
(before ?1459–1511).Soldier and poet, Baiardi spent much of his life in Parma, but was for a while resident in Paris in the service of Louis XII. Author of a ...
Anglo-Norman

Anglo-Norman  

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Literature
Designating the French language as spoken and written in the British Isles from the Norman Conquest until the 14th cent. It was a western type of French which, transplanted to Britain, developed ...
animals

animals  

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Animals have featured in performance from ancient times. The Romans had bears and dogs in dramas, elephants who performed rope walking, and built gruesome shows of animal fights. Throughout Europe ...
Anthony Munday

Anthony Munday  

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Literature
(1560–1633),hack‐writer, wrote or collaborated in a number of plays, and was ridiculed by Jonson as Antonio Balladino in The Case is Altered. Munday wrote ballads, and as ‘Shepheard Tonie’ ...
anti-hero

anti-hero  

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Literature
A central character in a narrative or drama who lacks the admirable qualities of fortitude, courage, honesty, and decency that are usually possessed by traditional heroes. Examples include Alex in A ...
antiquarianism

antiquarianism  

[Th]An intellectual tradition of enquiry that developed in Europe in the 16th and early 17th centuries ad as a result of new interests in nature, antiquity, the Renaissance of learning, and the ...
Antonio Caraccio

Antonio Caraccio  

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Literature
(1630–?1702)was a member of the Accademia degli Investiganti in Naples, and a prolific poet who joined the Accademia dell'Arcadia in 1690. His Impero vendicato, published first in 1679 in ...
Antonio Minturno

Antonio Minturno  

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Literature
(d. 1579),Italian literary theorist. He was born in Traetto and moved in 1521 to Rome, where he pursued a clerical career in which he was to become bishop of ...
Apollonius of Tyre

Apollonius of Tyre  

Belonging to the popular genre of the love-and-adventure novel, this is the most important and influential incest story of late antiquity and the MA. While early MSS (5th/6th centuries) were ...
Appollonius

Appollonius  

The hero of the story of Apollonius of Tyre. This tale, briefly alluded to by the Man of Law (II.81–5), seems to go back to a Greek romance (typically involving ...
Arthur

Arthur  

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Religion
Traditionally king of Britain, historically perhaps a 5th‐ or 6th‐century Romano‐British chieftain or general. His life and court have become the focus for many romantic legends in various languages, ...

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