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Roman Catholicism

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abortion

abortion  

There is no actual prohibition in the Bible against aborting a foetus. Nevertheless, in the unanimously accepted Jewish consensus, abortion is a very serious offence, though foeticide is not treated ...
African American Religion.

African American Religion.  

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Religion
The religious beliefs of so large and diverse a population cannot be unified into a single, artificial scheme. The African dispersion has now mingled with many other sources, and black ...
Alfred Emanuel Smith

Alfred Emanuel Smith  

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(b. New York, 30 Dec. 1873; d. New York, 4 Oct. 1944)US; Governor of New York Smith was the first Roman Catholic to be nominated for the US presidency by a major political party. He was born and ...
Anti-Catholic Movement.

Anti-Catholic Movement.  

Inherited from British sectarianism, anti-Catholicism became the core ingredient in the American nativist movement. Like English, Scottish, Welsh, and Irish Protestants, many Anglo-Americans ...
archbishopric

archbishopric  

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History
The Archbishop of Canterbury is Primate of All England and is senior to the Archbishop of York. The Archbishopric of Wales was established in 1920. The Archbishop of Armagh has primacy in Ireland; ...
Areopagitica

Areopagitica  

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Literature
A tract championing freedom of the press by John Milton, published in 1644. The title imitates the Areopagiticus of the Greek orator Isocrates (436–338 bc). Attempting (unsuccessfully) to persuade ...
Augustin Calmet

Augustin Calmet  

(1672–1757), French Benedictine monk and scholar. From a modest background, Antoine Calmet began his education at the college of Breuil run by the Benedictine monks of Saint-Vanne. After attending ...
Benedict XIV

Benedict XIV  

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Religion
(1675–1758), Pope from 1740. He was an exemplary administrator, conciliatory in his dealings with the secular powers and concerned to strengthen the moral influence of the Papacy. His De Servorum Dei ...
Benedictine

Benedictine  

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History
A monk or nun of an order following the rule of St Benedict. From the original Benedictine foundations at Subiaco and Monte Cassino in Italy the number of monastic houses in Europe grew to many ...
Bible

Bible  

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Religion
The Christian scriptures, consisting of the Old and New Testaments; the Jewish scriptures, consisting of the Torah or Law, the Prophets, and the Hagiographa or Writings.The Bible is traditionally ...
birth control

birth control  

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Religion
Any method that is used to reduce births, including celibacy, delayed marriage, contraception, and sterilization. See also family planning.
chapel

chapel  

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History
A place for worship, in a church, in honour of particular saints. Chapels are sometimes erected as separate buildings.
Christophe de Beaumont

Christophe de Beaumont  

(26 January 1703–12 December 1781), archbishop of Paris. Nothing had predisposed Christophe de Beaumont to become archbishop of Paris in August 1746. The premature death of his predecessor explains ...
Church and State

Church and State  

[This brief review is designed to provide access to the numerous articles in the encyclopedia that deal with the complex of church-state relations in the sixteenth century.] Persistent conflict over ...
Clare Booth Luce

Clare Booth Luce  

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(1903–1987),wrote the plays The Women (1936), satirizing wealthy women in the U.S.; Kiss the Boys Goodbye (1938), ridiculing Hollywood's star system; and Margin for Error (1940), a melodrama about ...
Claude Fleury

Claude Fleury  

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Religion
(1640–1723), ecclesiastical historian. From 1689 he was one of the tutors to Louis XIV's grandsons, and after his death (1715) he was chosen as confessor to the young Louis XV. His chief work is his ...
Claude-François-Alexandre Houtteville

Claude-François-Alexandre Houtteville  

(1686–1742), French Catholic apologist. At the age of sixteen, Houtteville (also spelled Houteville) entered the Congregation of the Oratory, where he remained for eighteen years, performing diverse ...
Clement XIV

Clement XIV  

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Religion
(1705–74), Pope from 1769. He was elected after a stormy conclave, the Bourbon courts having decided to recognize only a Pope ready to suppress the Jesuits. His chief aim was to preserve peace with ...
Compton ecclesiastical census

Compton ecclesiastical census  

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History
An ecclesiastical census, taken in 1676 for the Provinces of Canterbury and York. The returns have been published as Anne Whiteman (ed.), The Compton Census of 1676: A Critical Edition ...
Council of Trent

Council of Trent  

An ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church, held in three sessions between 1545 and 1563 in Trento. Prompted by the opposition of the Reformation, the council clarified and redefined the ...

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