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absolution

absolution  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The formal act of a bishop or priest pronouncing the forgiveness of sins by Christ to penitent sinners. A formula of absolution is included in many liturgical acts of worship, but according to ...
Action Française

Action Française  

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Overview Page
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Religion
A French political movement, founded in 1898 at the height of the Dreyfus affair. In 1926 it was condemned by Pius XI on the grounds of extreme nationalism and a cynical misappropriation of Catholic ...
aggiornamento

aggiornamento  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(Ital., ‘renewal’). A word connected with the pontificate of John XXIII, denoting a fresh presentation of the faith, as well as a recognition of the natural rights of men and women and support for ...
Anglicanism

Anglicanism  

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Religion
Of, relating to, or denoting the Church of England or any Church in communion with it. The name comes (in the early 17th century) from medieval Latin Anglicanus (its adoption suggested by Anglicana ...
archpriest

archpriest  

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Religion
A title of certain clerics in the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches. From the 5th cent. on, the archpriest was the senior presbyter of a city, who might take the bishop's place at liturgical ...
Azymites

Azymites  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The name given to the W. Church by the Easterns at the time of the Schism of 1054, with reference to their use in the Eucharist of unleavened bread. See also bread, leavened and unleavened.
Barnaby Rudge

Barnaby Rudge  

A novel by Dickens published in 1841 as part of Master Humphrey's Clock. The earlier of Dickens's two historical novels, it is set at the period of the Gordon anti‐popery riots of 1780, and Lord ...
beatification

beatification  

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Religion
In the Roman Catholic Church, declaration by the Pope that a dead person is in a state of bliss, constituting the first step towards canonization and permitting public veneration.
Bel and the Dragon

Bel and the Dragon  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Two stories attached to the Book of Daniel in some Greek MSS of the OT and hence included (as a single item) in the Apocrypha of the English Bible. They recount exploits of Daniel.
birth control

birth control  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Any method that is used to reduce births, including celibacy, delayed marriage, contraception, and sterilization. See also family planning.
breviary

breviary  

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Overview Page
A book containing the service for each day, to be recited by those in orders in the Roman Catholic Church. The word is recorded from late Middle English (when it also denoted an abridged version of ...
candle

candle  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Candles of wax or tallow took the place of lamps used in various Jewish rituals such as the Sabbath lights; in the Havdalah ceremony; and the Hanukkah lights. A synagogue had to be well lit and pious ...
Cao Dai

Cao Dai  

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Overview Page
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Religion
A new synchretistic religious movement in Vietnam established in 1926 by Ngo Van Chieu (1878–1932). Cao Dai literally means ‘High Throne’, and refers to the highest God. Based on revelations that Ngo ...
cardinal

cardinal  

A high church official, appointed by the pope. The cardinals (from Latin cardo, ‘hinge’) were defined as a ‘sacred college’ with clearly defined functions in the 11th century, when they ...
Catholic

Catholic  

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Religion
The word, meaning ‘general’ or ‘universal’, has come to have various uses in Christian terminology: (1) Of the universal Church as distinct from local Christian communities.(2) In the sense of ...
Catholic Action

Catholic Action  

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Religion
The organization of nonclerical members of the Roman Catholic Church for apostolic action. It was defined by Pius XI in 1922 as ‘the participation of laymen in the hierarchical apostolate’.[...]
Catholic Church

Catholic Church  

Is the denomination of Western Christianity in communion with the Pope that traces its faith in Jesus Christ to the community formed around the apostles. Since the European Reformation of ...
Christianity

Christianity  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The religion based on the person and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, or its beliefs and practices. It originated among the Jewish followers of Jesus of Nazareth, who believed that he was the promised ...
Church Fathers

Church Fathers  

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Overview Page
Christian writers of the first eight centuries ce. The study of these writers is known as Patristics or Patrology.
Cistercian

Cistercian  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A member of an order founded as a stricter branch of the Benedictines, the reforms being particularly associated with the influence of St Bernard of Clairvaux, who was particularly critical of ...

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