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Maximilien Robespierre

(1758—1794) French revolutionary

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André Chénier

André Chénier  

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Literature
(1762–94),French poet: visits London (Marylebone: Portman Sq. and St James's: Pall Mall). Bucoliques .
Camille Desmoulins

Camille Desmoulins  

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Literature
(1760–94)French journalist and Revolutionary. He became an advocate in the Paris Parlement in 1785, and four years later, after the dismissal of Necker, he summoned the crowd outside the Palais Royal ...
Committee of Public Safety

Committee of Public Safety  

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History
An emergency body set up in France in April 1793. It was the first effective executive government of the Revolutionary period and governed France during the most critical year of the Revolution. Its ...
Commune de Paris

Commune de Paris  

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Literature
The group which seized the municipal government of Paris in the French Revolution and played a leading part in the Reign of Terror until suppressed in 1794.The Commune is also the name given to the ...
Fête de l' Être Suprême

Fête de l' Être Suprême  

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Festival stage‐managed by David and held at Robespierre's instigation at the Tuileries on 20 Prairial (8 June) 1794. It was meant to inaugurate a deistic cult complete with an ‘Hymne à l'Être ...
François-Noël Babeuf

François-Noël Babeuf  

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(1760–97)French Revolutionary who called himself ‘Caius‐Gracchus, tribune of the people’. A domestic servant before the French Revolution, he moved to Paris in 1794. There he started to publish the ...
Georges Danton

Georges Danton  

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(1759–94)French revolutionary. A noted orator, he won great popularity in the early days of the French Revolution. He served as Minister of Justice (1792–94) in the new republic and was a founder ...
Georges-Auguste Couthon

Georges-Auguste Couthon  

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(1775–94).Lawyer, then Revolutionary politician. Through confined to a wheelchair, he was a vigorous member of the Comité de Salut Public. A close ally of Robespierre and Saint‐Just, he died with ...
Girondins

Girondins  

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A member of a French political party whose main exponents came from the Gironde region. The Girondins were closely associated with the Jacobins in the early days of the French Revolution. They held ...
Jacobin

Jacobin  

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Originally a name of the French friars of the order of St Dominic, so called because the church of St Jacques in Paris was given to them and they built their first convent nearby. From them the name ...
Jacques-René Hébert

Jacques-René Hébert  

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(1757–94)French journalist and Revolutionary. He became a prominent member of the Cordeliers Club (an extreme Revolutionary club) in 1791. The following year he was a member of the Commune of Paris ...
Jean-Baptiste Louvet de couvray

Jean-Baptiste Louvet de couvray  

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(1760–97).French novelist, who from 1789 onwards was actively involved in politics and was a powerful orator. He joined the Girondins, was prominent in attacking Robespierre, and had to spend ...
Jean-Lambert Tallien

Jean-Lambert Tallien  

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(1767–1835).Journalist and Jacobin activist during the Revolution. He helped engineer Robespierre's downfall, partly under the influence of his Spanish wife, Thérèse Cabarrus, who came to be known as ...
Jean-Louis Laya

Jean-Louis Laya  

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(1761–1833)French dramatist. Laya emerged from the decent mediocrity of his previous works, the tragedy Jean Calas (1789) and the drame Les Dangers de l'opinion (1790), to produce, in his ...
Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois

Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois  

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(c. 1750–1796).Actor, playwright, and theatre manager who attained fame as a Jacobin politician during the Revolution. He wrote the popular Almanach du père Gérard (1791), became a member of ...
Jean-Nicolas-Paul-François Barras, vicomte

Jean-Nicolas-Paul-François Barras, vicomte  

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(1755–1829).French soldier, then prominent Revolutionary politician; he helped engineer Robespierre's fall, then was one of the five members of the Directoire, but was forced out of politics by ...
Joseph Fouché

Joseph Fouché  

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(c. 1759–1820)French statesman. He was a leading member of the Jacobin Club in Nantes in 1790. He supported their violent doctrines, demanded the execution of the king, and was used to crush revolts ...
Les Enragés

Les Enragés  

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A loose political grouping during the Revolution led by Jacques Roux (1752–94), ex‐priest and member of the Commune de Paris. Like the Hébertistes, they supported the Terror, emphasizing its social ...
Louis Blanc

Louis Blanc  

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(1811–82).Socialist historian, journalist, and political activist, who sums up the blend of socialism and nationalism which characterized many on the Left in 19th‐c. France. He is best known today ...
Louis de Saint-Just

Louis de Saint-Just  

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(1767–94)French Revolutionary leader. He was elected an officer in the National Guard when the French Revolution began; his great loyalty to Robespierre led to his appointment to the National ...

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