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Risorgimento

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1848

1848  

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Overview Page
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Literature
The most celebrated and widespread of the 19th-c. European revolutions proved also a crucial turning point in the Italian Risorgimento. Beginning with an insurrection in Palermo in January, ...
Alberto Asor Rosa

Alberto Asor Rosa  

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Literature
(1933– ).Cultural and literary historian. In the 1960s he was a prominent left critic of the cultural policy of the Communist Party (PCI), theorizing a revolutionary role for the intellectual ...
Aleardo Aleardi

Aleardo Aleardi  

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Literature
(1812–78).One of the most popular poets of the 19th c., along with his friend Giovanni Prati, whom he met at the University of Padua, where he graduated in law. ...
Andrea Camilleri

Andrea Camilleri  

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Literature
(1925– ).Sicilian novelist who was formerly a theatre director and television producer in Rome. After a first novel, Il corso delle cose (1978), he did not publish again seriously until ...
Antonio Bresciani Borsa

Antonio Bresciani Borsa  

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Literature
(1798–1862).Jesuit educator and writer, who became head of the College for the Propagation of the Faith in Rome. He was an editor of Civiltà cattolica from its inception (1850) ...
Antonio Caccianiga

Antonio Caccianiga  

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Literature
(1823–1909).Prolific novelist and writer who lived and worked in principally in his native Treviso. Much of his writing extols rural virtues and evokes the dangers of the city. The ...
Antonio Stoppani

Antonio Stoppani  

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Literature
(1824–91).Priest, geologist, museum curator, and veteran of the conflicts of the Risorgimento, who is best known for his illustrated guide Il bel paese (1873). His other writings include essays ...
Arnaldo Fusinato

Arnaldo Fusinato  

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Literature
(1817–88).Patriot and poet. Born near Vicenza, he fought in Venice in 1848–9, writing ‘A Venezia’ (1849), which became one of the most popular poems of the Risorgimento. His poems ...
Battle of Magenta

Battle of Magenta  

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History
(4 June 1859)A battle fought in Lombardy, between the French and the Sardinians on one side and the Austrians on the other. The Italian patriotic movement known as the Risorgimento had been offered ...
Carlo Collodi

Carlo Collodi  

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Literature
(1826–90)Pen‐name of Carlo Lorenzini, journalist, political activist, and author of plays, novels, memoirs, and children's books. He is best known for Le avventure di Pinocchio (1883: The Adventures ...
Carlo Pisacane

Carlo Pisacane  

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Literature
(1818–57)originally trained as an engineer in the Bourbon army but became a leader and analyst of the socialist Left in the Risorgimento. More radical than Mazzini, he analysed the ...
Carlo Tenca

Carlo Tenca  

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Literature
(1816–83).Committed Risorgimento journalist and literary critic, active in his native Milan and elsewhere. Initially a Mazzinian, during the 1850s he became increasingly close to Cavour, though he ...
Cesare Pascarella

Cesare Pascarella  

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Literature
(1858–1940).Important Roman dialect poet, but one who took his cue from Carducci rather than from Belli. He began his career as a journalist and illustrator for the Rome-based Capitan ...
Children's Literature

Children's Literature  

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Literature
“Language,” Loren Eiseley wrote, “implies boundaries. A word spoken creates a dog, a rabbit, a man. It fixes their nature before our eyes.” What does well for a rabbit or ...
Count Cavour

Count Cavour  

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Literature
(1810–61)Italian statesman. He was the driving force behind the unification of Italy under Victor Emmanuel II, king of the kingdom of Sardinia. In 1847 Cavour founded the newspaper Il Risorgimento to ...
Cuore

Cuore  

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Literature
(1886).Children's novel by Edmondo De Amicis, intended to instil civic awareness and social generosity in the young of the newly unified Italy. The structurally complex narrative counterpoints ...
Darwinism

Darwinism  

The theory of evolution by natural selection, often used incorrectly as a synonym for the theory of evolution itself. The term ‘neo-Darwinism’ is often used to denote the ‘new synthesis’ (i.e. ...
dictionaries

dictionaries  

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Literature
The origins of the English dictionary are found in the late 16th cent. when people became aware of the two levels of English (‘learned’, ‘literary’, ‘inkhorn’, distinct from ‘spoken’, ‘popular’) to ...
Emilio Salgari

Emilio Salgari  

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Literature
(1862–1911), first and foremost Italian writer of adventure novels. Salgari also played a significant role in early journalism for the young. Extraordinarily popular and frequently translated, ...
exile

exile  

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GreekExile (phygē, lit. ‘flight’) is permanent or long‐term removal from one's native place, usually as a punishment imposed by government or other superior power. In Greece it was from earliest ...

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