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Alan Gewirth

Alan Gewirth  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1912–2004).Gewirth did important work on Descartes's theory of knowledge and medieval political philosophy, especially Marsilius of Padua, but he is best known for his attempt to develop a ...
conscience

conscience  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The word now denotes the capacity for judging the rightness of actions, whether in general or in particular. Christians are agreed that it is unique to human beings and that its effectiveness is ...
desert

desert  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The term denotes the idea that how a person ought to be treated depends on a fact about their actions, or their character: a proportioning of happiness to virtue, or unhappiness to vice. Treating ...
Euthyphro problem

Euthyphro problem  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Euthyphro, in the Platonic dialogue named after him, attempts to define ‘the pious’ as ‘the god-loved’. Socrates responds with the famous question: ‘Is the pious loved by the gods because ...
good

good  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
As an adjectival modifier of a noun it is widely accepted that ‘good’ is attributive: a good hammer is so in virtue of different qualities from a good dinner. However, there seems room to say that ...
Hastings Rashdall

Hastings Rashdall  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1858–1924),philosopher and theologian. His most important work, The Theory of Good and Evil (1907), expounds his own version of what he called ‘ideal utilitarianism’. The Universities of Europe in ...
Hegelianism

Hegelianism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The history of Hegel's influence is complicated by conflicting elements within his own system. Until Feuerbach's Thoughts regarding Death and Immortality (1830), the torch was carried by the ‘Old ...
morality

morality  

Reference type:
Overview Page
n. a system of values, normative rules, or principles according to which intentions or behaviours are judged to be good or bad, right or wrong. Such judgment can arise from cultural, religious, or ...
prescriptivism

prescriptivism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The approach to moral theory especially associated with Hare, that assimilates moral commitment to the giving or accepting of a command. Difference of moral opinion is then modelled upon the giving ...
right

right   Reference library

R. S. Downie

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
166 words
What it is right to do, as distinct from what it is good to do. One of the traditional problems of moral philosophy is that of relating the right and the good. For the utilitarian, or more ... More

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