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Abū al-Fidā᾽

Abū al-Fidā᾽  

More fully Ismāʿīl ibn ʿAlī Abū al-Fidā᾽, Syrian scholar-prince related to the Ayyūbid rulers of Ḥamāh; born Damascus Nov./ Dec. 1273, died Ḥamāh (Epiphaneia) 27 Oct. 1331. A man of ...
Adriatic Sea

Adriatic Sea  

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(Gk. ὁ Ἀδρίας; Lat. Mare adriaticum or superum), used as an alternative to ‘Ionian Sea’ for the waters between the Balkan peninsula and Italy, and like ‘Ionian’, sometimes extended to ...
Aegean Sea

Aegean Sea  

Between Greece and Asia Minor. To it the modern name Archipelago was originally applied, but the ancient Greeks derived the name Aegean variously from Theseus' father Aegeus, who drowned himself ...
Alabanda

Alabanda  

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A city in northern Caria, on the Marsyas, a tributary of the Maeander, at the point where the road from Tralles branches westward to Halicarnassus and south to the coast ...
Anaxandrides

Anaxandrides  

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(4th cent. bc),Middle Comedy poet (see comedy (Greek), Middle), possibly of Rhodian birth (Athenaeus 374b; see Rhodes), won the first prize ten times (Suda, entry under the name), three ...
Antigonus I

Antigonus I  

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(c.382–301 bc),‘the One‐eyed’, Macedonian noble, was prominent under Philip II and governed Greater Phrygia for Alexander 2 the Great (334–323). Victorious over Persian refugees from Issus (332), he ...
Antiphilus

Antiphilus  

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Of Byzantium, author of 50 epigrams in the Greek Anthology (see anthology), from the Garland of Philippus (2). Some are ingenious paradoxes or descriptions of freak accidents, many are devoted ...
Antisthenes

Antisthenes  

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Of Rhodes (fl. early 2nd cent. bc), wrote a history, perhaps of Rhodes, down to his own time (used by Polybius (1) via Zeno (4)). He is probably the Peripatetic ...
Apollonius of Rhodes

Apollonius of Rhodes  

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Apollonios Rhodios lived in Alexandria in the third and second centuries b.c.e. and eventually became head of the great library there. He wrote the story of the voyage of the Argonauts and the Golden ...
arbitration

arbitration  

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A means of settling disputes without recourse to law. The arbitrator will hear the case of the parties and make either a binding or an indicative judgment.
bee

bee  

Traditionally taken as the type of an industrious and productive worker. Bees are also the emblem of St Ambrose (see also beehive) and St John of Chancery.There are a number of superstitions ...
Camirus

Camirus  

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Was one of the three independent Dorian cities on Rhodes until the synoecism with Lindus and Ialysus created the federal Rhodian state in 408/7. Camiran territory occupied the NW part ...
Carpathos

Carpathos  

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Known in medieval times as Scarpanto, is a Dodecanese island lying between Rhodes and Crete, bisected along its 48-km. (30-mi.) length by precipitous mountains. It preserves traces of Minoan and ...
Cato the Elder

Cato the Elder  

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‘Cato the Censor’ (234–149bc) (‘Censorius’) was a dominant figure in both the political and the cultural life of Rome in the first half of the 2nd cent. bc. A novus homo (roughly, the first man in ...
Catreus

Catreus  

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In mythology, son of Minos and Pasiphae, and father of Althaemenes, Apemosyne, Aerope, andClymene. Because of a prophecy that one of his children would kill him, Althaemenes and Apemosyne emigrated ...
Caunus

Caunus  

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City in south-eastern Caria, close to Lycia. It was generally reckoned to be Carian, though Herodotus (1) (1. 176. 3) says the Caunians imitated the Lycians in most respects, and ...
Chares

Chares  

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Of Lindus, Greek sculptor, active c.300 bc. A follower of Lysippus (2), Chares was renowned for his bronze statue of Helios for Rhodes, the famous Colossus. Some 32 m. (105 ...
Chremonides

Chremonides  

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Son of Eteocles, Athenian from the deme of Aithaladai. An early associate of Zeno (2), founder of Stoicism, Chremonides was a leading democratic politician at Athens and negotiated the ...
Cicero

Cicero  

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(106–43 bc)Roman statesman, orator, and writer. A supporter of Pompey against Julius Caesar, in the Philippics (43 bc) he attacked Mark Antony, who had him put to death. As an orator and writer, ...
Claudius Thrasyllus, Tiberius

Claudius Thrasyllus, Tiberius  

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(RE 7)of Alexandria (1), astrologer (d. ad 36), owed his great reputation to the emperor Tiberius, who, meeting him in Rhodes, brought him to Rome, trusted his predictions, and ...

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