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Capitol

Capitol  

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[Ge]The principal hill in Rome, site of the temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus, that served as a citadel and religious centre.
classis

classis  

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A classis (‘class’) was a group of Roman citizens who could meet a certain minimum wealth qualification. Servius Tullius (see rex) is supposed to have divided property owners into five classēs for ...
Etruscans

Etruscans  

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Historically and artistically the most important of the indigenous peoples of pre‐Roman Italy, and acc. to Porcius Cato (1) the masters of nearly all of it—a claim confirmed by archaeology for the ...
imperium

imperium  

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[De]Latin word for a command, which grew to signify the right to give orders, and so to mean supreme power, normally equivalent in the later Roman period to ‘empire’. Imperator, originally ...
interrex

interrex  

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Under the Roman republic, if both consuls died or left office without successors appointed, the ‘auspices reverted to the patrician senators’ (see auspicium), who selected one of their number as ...
kingship

kingship  

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Subject:
Religion
As a construct, a topic extensively treated in a number of Hindu texts, especially in relation to dharma. According to Dharmaśāstra, the king, as the conduit for divine power, should be regarded as ...
Latin tragedy

Latin tragedy  

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Varro and Pomponius Atticus dated the first performance of a Latin tragedy to 240 bc at the Ludi Romani. Performances continued at this and other public festivals down to the end of the 1st cent. bc. ...
Latins

Latins  

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Inhabited Latium Vetus. They formed a unified ethnic group with a common name a common sentiment, and a common language; they worshipped the same gods and had similar political and social ...
legion

legion  

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A division of 3,000–6,000 men, including a complement of cavalry, in the ancient Roman army.Legion is also used to mean great in number, many, as in their name is legion. This usage dates from the ...
lex curiata

lex curiata  

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In the late republic a law carried through the curiate assembly (represented by 30 lictors) was deemed necessary to the full legitimacy of those holding the upper, and perhaps also ...
names

names  

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Recorded from Old English and of Germanic origin, the word comes ultimately from a root shared by Latin nomen and Greek onoma.have one's name and number on it (of a bullet) be destined to kill one; ...
patrician

patrician  

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Formed a privileged class of Roman citizens. The word is probably connected with patrēs (‘Fathers’), a formal collective term for patrician senators (see senate). In the republican period patrician ...
Pompōnius Atticus, Titus

Pompōnius Atticus, Titus  

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B. 110 bc, the son of a cultured equestrian of a family claiming descent from Pompilius Numa (see rex), was later adopted by a rich uncle, whose wealth he inherited. He was a friend of Cicero from ...
purple

purple  

Originally, a crimson dye obtained from some molluscs, formerly used for fabric worn by an emperor or senior magistrate in ancient Rome or Byzantium; in figurative use, imperial, royal. In later use, ...
Rēgia

Rēgia  

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Traditionally the home of King Numa (see rex), was situated at the east end of the forum Romanum, between the via Sacra and the precinct of Vesta. Under the republic it was the seat of authority of ...
rex

rex   Reference library

Tim J. Cornell

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,329 words
the Latin word for king, has an Indo-European root which is found also in *Celtic and Indo-Iranian languages. Traditionally Rome itself was ruled by kings during its earliest history, but ... More
Rex

Rex   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

the reigning king (used following a name or in the titles of lawsuits, e.g. Rex v. Jones: the Crown versus Jones)....

rex sacrōrum

rex sacrōrum  

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On the expulsion of the kings from Rome (see rex) their sacral functions were partially assumed by a priest called rex sacrorum ‘the king for sacred rites’ (and his wife, the rēgīna, ‘queen’). He ...
Roman armies

Roman armies  

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Traditionally, Servius Tullius (see rex) made the first attempt to channel the resources of the Roman state into military organization by dividing the citizens into wealth groups, so that the weapons ...
Salii

Salii  

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(from salīrē, ‘to dance’),an ancient ritual sodālitās (see sodales) found in many towns of central Italy, usually in association with the war‐god. Their attachment at Rome was to Mars. Salii had to ...

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