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Abraham Tucker

Abraham Tucker  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1705–74),one of the first writers of the utilitarian school of philosophy. In his great work The Light of Nature Pursued (6 vols, 1768–78) he rejects the moral sense theory of Shaftesbury and ...
Abrogation of Legal Norms (Naskh)

Abrogation of Legal Norms (Naskh)  

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Abrogation, in Arabic naskh or al-nāsikh wa al-mansūkh, “the abrogating and the abrogated,” is a term for theories dealing with apparent conflict between different elements of revelation in Islam.The ...
Alan Philip Frederick Sell

Alan Philip Frederick Sell  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1935–)Alan P. F. Sell was born in Farncombe, Surrey on 15 November 1935. He was educated at Pewley School in Guildford before embarking on ministerial training at the Lancashire ...
Alexander Duncan

Alexander Duncan  

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Philosophy
(1708–95)Alexander Duncan was born in Aberdeen and died on 29 September 1795. He attended Aberdeen University. He was licensed to preach in 1735, and is often remembered for having ...
Al-Farabi

Al-Farabi  

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Religion
(c.870–950)The ‘second teacher’ after Aristotle of Islamic philosophy. Al-Farabi was one of the first philosophers to transmit Aristotelian logic to the Islamic world. He wrote extensively on logic, ...
Alonso Pecha

Alonso Pecha  

(1327/1329–1389)Born into a family in the service of the kings of Castile, he was the brother of Pedro Fernandez Pecha, founder of the Order of St Jerome (Hieronymites). Italian ...
alpha and omega

alpha and omega  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, used to denote God's eternity and infinitude.Alpha courses are structured introductions to the Christian faith conducted under the aegis of Holy ...
Andrew Melville

Andrew Melville  

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Subject:
History
(1545–1622).Scottish Reformer and theologian, concerned especially with educational reform. Entrusted in 1575 with the responsibility of compiling the Second Book of Discipline, he vigorously opposed ...
apocalyptic literature

apocalyptic literature  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The word ‘apocalypse’ means a ‘revelation’ or ‘unveiling’, so an apocalyptic book claims to reveal things which are normally hidden or to reveal the future. The Jewish Apocalyptic books belong ...
apparition

apparition  

Accounts of apparitions are common in medieval literature. Distinguished from visions by a specific Latin or vernacular terminology (apparere, apparitio and their derivatives), apparitions were ...
Arthur Collier

Arthur Collier  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1680–1732)Arthur Collier was born at Langford Magna, Steeple Langford, Wiltshire, on 12 October 1680. It is possible that he also died at Langford, and he was buried there on ...
articles of faith

articles of faith  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(ikkarim, Heb., ‘roots’).Formulations of Jewish belief. These are not as important as are creeds in Christianity, since every person born of a Jewish mother is automatically a Jew irrespective ...
Atkinson Lee

Atkinson Lee  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1880–1955)Atkinson Lee was born in Driffield, Yorkshire and died in Newcastle-upon-Tyne in early 1955. He was the son of a Primitive Methodist minister. After education at Cambridge, where he ...
Austin Marsden Farrer

Austin Marsden Farrer  

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Subject:
Religion
(1904–68)An Oxford philosophical theologian who maintained that religious truth can best be communicated to human intelligences through images. Farrer turned his attention to NT studies and enjoyed a ...
authority

authority  

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Religion
The power or right to persuade individuals or groups to obey precepts or recommendations. In the State, the coercive power of the government can ensure compliance, and when the Church was identified ...
Authority of the Bible.

Authority of the Bible.  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
This terminology is characteristic of Christian theology, and so the following entry appropriately discusses the issue from a Christian perspective. For consideration of the topic in Jewish ...
Boyle Lectures

Boyle Lectures  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Robert Boyle is best remembered today for his contributions to the natural sciences of chemistry and pneumatics. What is less well known is that Boyle was also a devout Christian ...
Charles Gildon

Charles Gildon  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1665–1724) English critic and dramatist.He simplified Davenant's adaptation of Measure for Measure, The Law Against Lovers, as Measure for Measure; or Beauty the Best Advocate (1700), interpolating ...
Charles Gore

Charles Gore  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1853–1932), Bp. of Oxford, 1911–19. The first principal of Pusey House, Oxford (1884–93), he defended the Catholic doctrine of episcopacy in The Ministry of the Christian Church (1888), and edited ...
Children's Bibles.

Children's Bibles.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The recasting of the Bible to meet the needs of children has been a topic of increasing interest in the twentieth century. Although children were always included within the concern ...

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