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religious orders

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abbess

abbess  

The head of certain autonomous houses of nuns. The title is used among Benedictines, Cistercians, Trappists, Poor Clares, and some canonesses. The earliest known instance is in 514. In the Middle ...
Albert of Brandenburg

Albert of Brandenburg  

(1490–1545), elector of the Holy Roman Empire, archbishop of Mainz and Magdeburg, and administrator of Halberstadt.He was the younger son (b. 28 June 1490) of John Cicero, elector of ...
Alexian Brothers and Nuns

Alexian Brothers and Nuns  

A religious community specifically devoted to caring for the sick, with special attention to the dying. The order traces its origins to the Beghard communities of the Low Countries, particularly ...
apostolic life

apostolic life  

Religious life based on the model of the Apostles. Associated with monks, who claimed the Apostles were the first monks, it was adopted by heretics around the year 1000. In ...
art and architecture: Cistercian

art and architecture: Cistercian  

The Cistercian order was founded in 1098 at Cîteaux, in Burgundy, by a group of monks who had left a reformed but traditional Benedictine monastery in hope of living a ...
aspirant

aspirant  

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Overview Page
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Religion
One who aspires to a vocation to the religious life.
Augustinians

Augustinians  

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History
[Ge]A monastic order of ordained canons; most Augustinian houses were founded in the mid to late 12th century.
Barcelona

Barcelona  

The Iberian tribe of the Laetani were the earliest known population of the site of Barcelona. In the 3rd c. BC, the Carthaginians founded Barcino there, perhaps named from the ...
Bartolomeo della Gatta

Bartolomeo della Gatta  

(1448–1502),Italian painter, born in Florence, where he became a Camaldolese monk. He worked in Rome as an assistant to Perugino and Signorelli on the frescoes in the Sistine Chapel ...
Basilian monks and nuns

Basilian monks and nuns  

Those following the Rule of St Basil. Basilian life is cenobitic, with common meals, prayers, and work, the last being an innovation on the earlier eremitical model. The most important ...
Beguines

Beguines  

A member of a lay sisterhood in the Low Countries, formed in the 12th century and not bound by vows; members were allowed to leave their societies for marriage. They are still represented by small ...
Benedictine

Benedictine  

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History
A monk or nun of an order following the rule of St Benedict. From the original Benedictine foundations at Subiaco and Monte Cassino in Italy the number of monastic houses in Europe grew to many ...
Bernardino Ochino

Bernardino Ochino  

(1487–1564),Italian Protestant reformer, born in Siena, where he entered the austere Order of Observantine Friars, a reformed Franciscan religious order. He became general of his Order, but in 1534 ...
Cambridge University

Cambridge University  

Like many medieval universities, Cambridge dates its existence from no formal act of Foundation and from no certain date. It is usually thought to take its origins from a settlement ...
Capuchins

Capuchins  

A friar belonging to a branch of the Franciscan order that observes a strict rule drawn up in 1529. The name is recorded from the late 16th century, and comes via obsolete French from Italian ...
Carlisle

Carlisle  

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Literature
According to Simeon of Durham, an estate at Carlisle was given to St Cuthbert when he became Bp. of Lindisfarne in 685. In 1133 Carlisle became the centre of a new diocese. The church of the priory ...
Carmelites

Carmelites  

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History
[Ge]A monastic order of friars established in the 13th century and known as the White Friars. Their houses were mainly, but not exclusively, in towns.
Catherine of Sweden

Catherine of Sweden  

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Religion
Abbess (1331–81).The fourth of eight children of Ulf of Godmarsson and Bridget of Sweden, Catherine married Eggard Lydersson, an invalid whom she nursed devotedly: some claim that the marriage was ...
Cervantes

Cervantes  

(1547–1616),the great Spanish novelist and dramatist. La Galatea (1585), a pastoral novel, was followed by his masterpiece Don Quixote (Pt I 1605; Pt II 1615), a satirical romance. He wrote several ...
confraternities

confraternities  

A brotherhood, especially with a religious or charitable purpose.

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