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Max Reinhardt

(1873—1943) theatre director and manager

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Albert Bassermann

Albert Bassermann  

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(1867–1952),German actor, nephew of August Bassermann, who made his first appearance at Mannheim under his uncle's management and was with the Meininger company from 1890 to 1895. Under Otto ...
Albert Paris Gütersloh

Albert Paris Gütersloh  

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Literature
(Vienna, 1887–1973, Baden nr. Vienna),a gifted painter, worked under Max Reinhardt as a stage designer. In the 1914–18 War he was in the official Press H.Q. at Vienna. After ...
Alexander Moissi

Alexander Moissi  

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(1880–1935),German actor of Italian extraction, born in Albania where a drama school has been named after him. He played his first speaking part in German at Prague in 1902 ...
Alfred Roller

Alfred Roller  

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Music
(b Brno, 1864; d Vienna, 1935).Austrian stage designer and painter. In 1890s helped to found Vienna Sezession with Schiele, Kokoschka, and Klimt. Prof. at Vienna School of Art 1900, orch. 1909–34. ...
Arthur Hopkins

Arthur Hopkins  

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(1878–1950)American director and producer. Influenced by the writings of Wagner and Craig and productions of Reinhardt, Hopkins was instrumental in introducing the ‘New Theatre’ and—in his ...
Arthur Schnitzler

Arthur Schnitzler  

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(1862–1931)Austrian dramatist and novelist. His first play, Anatol (written 1889–92), describes a bourgeois youth like himself who drifts through endless, superficial pleasures. In 1891 he ...
audience

audience  

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The role of the theatre audience has been both preserved and challenged in the twentieth century. The set of conventions for mainstream theatre, requiring a particular response to the on-stage ...
August Strindberg

August Strindberg  

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(1849–1912), playwright.Although the Swedish dramatist's plays have never been popular in commercial theatre, they have been performed with some frequency by experimental and collegiate playhouses. ...
Austria

Austria  

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At the beginning of the twentieth century Austrian theatre's outstanding figures were members of the Young Vienna group of artists, the playwrights Hermann Bahr, Arthur Schnitzler and Hugo Von ...
Berlin

Berlin  

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Berlin airlift an operation by British and American aircraft to airlift food and supplies to Berlin in 1948–9, while Russian forces blockaded the city to isolate it from the West and terminate the ...
Bertold Viertel

Bertold Viertel  

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(b. Vienna, 28 June 1885; d. Vienna, 24 Sept. 1953)Director. Viertel was associated as playwright and director with expressionism in his early years, promoting the work of Hasenclever and ...
Bertolt Brecht

Bertolt Brecht  

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Literature
(1898–1956),German dramatist and poet who emigrated to the US during the Fascist period, then settled in 1949 in East Berlin. His early plays show kinship with Expressionism. Die Dreigroschenoper ...
C. B. Cochran

C. B. Cochran  

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(1872–1951)English manager and impresario. Beginning in the USA as an actor, press agent, and manager, Cochran served as personal secretary to Richard Mansfield, then as a producer when he ...
Cape Town

Cape Town  

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Theatre in this South African city begins conventionally with French comedy performed in the Barracks Theatre by officers lodged with the Dutch in the 1780s, rather than the religious ceremonies ...
Carl Sternheim

Carl Sternheim  

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Literature
(1878–1942)German dramatist. Sternheim is best known for his dramatic cycle From a Bourgeois Hero's Life, satiric comedies portraying Wilhelmenian Germany on the eve of the First World War. Plays ...
Caspar Neher

Caspar Neher  

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(1897–1962)German designer, whose career was inextricably linked with that of his schoolfriend Bertolt Brecht. From 1918 to 1922 Neher studied in Munich. His first stage design was for Kleist's ...
Century Theatre

Century Theatre  

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(New York).The playhouse on Seventh Avenue at 59th Street had almost as many names as it had tenants. It opened as Jolson's 59th Street Theatre in 1921, and over ...
Coliseum

Coliseum  

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London Playhouse built by Oswald Stoll to designs by Frank Matcham and opened in 1904, seating nearly 3,000. Stoll's seasons mixed high with popular culture: the Marx Brothers appeared there ...
Czech Republic

Czech Republic  

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Music
A formerly communist country that had a ‘velvet revolution’ and a fairly painless transition to a market economyThe Czech Republic has two main geographical areas. The largest, to the west, is ...
Deutsches Theater

Deutsches Theater  

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Private play-producing society founded in Berlin in 1883 to stage good plays in repertory, as a protest against the deadening effect of long runs and outmoded theatrical tradition. A group ...

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