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Abbo of Fleury

Abbo of Fleury  

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Religion
(?945–1004),a French theologian, author of the Epitome de Vitis Romanorum Pontificum and of lives of the saints.
abbot

abbot  

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Religion
(Aram., Syr., abba, ‘father’).The head of a Christian monastic community, especially in the Benedictine or Cistercian traditions. The term is used in translation for the head of communities in ...
Adelhausen

Adelhausen  

Adelhausen was one of the four Dominican convents of Freiburg im Breisgau. Founded in 1245, it followed on from a community of women attested from 1234. Adelhausen, which numbered 70 ...
advocate, advocacy

advocate, advocacy  

From the Merovingian period, rulers granted churches an Immunity that protected them from the management and intervention of royal agents. Following a formula soon stereotyped, the latter were ...
Alain de la Roche

Alain de la Roche  

(c.1428–1475)Of Breton origin, Alain de La Roche entered the Dominicans of Dinan in c.1450 and, after some time at Paris, spent his whole career in the convents of the ...
Albanians

Albanians  

A nation of Thraco-Illyrian origin, in the Middle Ages the Albanians were ruled by the Byzantines (6th-14th cc.) and Bulgars (9th-10th cc.) before succumbing to the Turks (1479). The fourth ...
Alberic

Alberic  

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(d. 1109),abbot of Cîteaux. Nothing is known of his early life, but he became a hermit at Collan (near Chatillon-sur-Seine). With his companions he invited Robert to rule them, and in 1075 they moved ...
Alberic II of Spoleto

Alberic II of Spoleto  

(died 954)Alberic II of Spoleto, or rather Alberic of Rome, was the son of Alberic, marquis of Spoleto, and Marozia, daughter of Theophylact “senator of the Romans”. After the ...
Alberic III of Tusculum

Alberic III of Tusculum  

(11th c.)Alberic III of Tusculum was descended from the powerful family founded in the 10th c. in Latium by Theophylact I, from which issued the two branches of Crescenzi ...
Alexander II, Pope

Alexander II, Pope  

(c.1010/1015–1073)Anselmo da Baggio, the son of a leading Milanese family, was educated from his youth at Milan cathedral. In 1056, thanks to the support of the Emperor Henry III ...
Alonso Pecha

Alonso Pecha  

(1327/1329–1389)Born into a family in the service of the kings of Castile, he was the brother of Pedro Fernandez Pecha, founder of the Order of St Jerome (Hieronymites). Italian ...
American Abolition Society

American Abolition Society  

The American Abolition Society (AAS) was organized in 1855. It stemmed from the New York City Abolition Society, which had been founded in the 1830s by William Goodell to build ...
apostolic life

apostolic life  

Religious life based on the model of the Apostles. Associated with monks, who claimed the Apostles were the first monks, it was adopted by heretics around the year 1000. In ...
Aragon

Aragon  

An autonomous region of NE Spain, bounded on the north by the Pyrenees and on the east by Catalonia and Valencia; capital, Saragossa. Formerly an independent kingdom, which was conquered in the 5th ...
Arnold of Brescia

Arnold of Brescia  

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Religion
(d. 1155), reformer. A canon regular, c.1139 he had to leave Brescia after taking part in a conflict between the bishop and reformers. In France he supported Peter Abelard and at the Council of Sens ...
Arras

Arras  

Evangelized in the late 4th c. by St Diogenes, Arras owes its rise to the settlement in 658, in the marshes of the Crinchon, of a monastic community placed under ...
Athanasios I

Athanasios I  

Patriarch of Constantinople (Oct. 1289–Oct. 1293; June 1303–Sept. 1309) and saint; born Adrianople ca.1235, died Constantinople ca.1315; feastday 28 Oct.From his youth Athanasios was an ascetic monk ...
Atto of Vercelli

Atto of Vercelli  

(d. 959×60), bishop; author of a commentary on the Pauline epistles,socio-political works (De pressuris ecclesiasticis and Polypticum), an episcopal capitulary, sermons, and letters.RMeJ. Bauer, Die ...
Benedict XII

Benedict XII  

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Religion
(d. 1342), Pope from 1334. Jacques Fournier was the third of the Avignon Popes. A Cistercian monk and abbot, as Pope he inaugurated several ecclesiastical reforms. He fought the rapacity of the ...
Bernard of Tiron

Bernard of Tiron  

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Religion
Founder and Abbot, 1046–1117.As with some other peripatetic founders, his biography is vague on dates and on the reasons for his changes of plan. Originally a monk of Saint-Cyprien (Poitiers), he ...

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