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alphabet

alphabet  

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Overview Page
1. A particular sequential arrangement of a set of letters or other graphic symbols used to write a language in which these graphemes are used to represent the basic speech sounds or phonemes.2. A ...
books, Greek and Roman

books, Greek and Roman  

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Overview Page
Books existed in Egypt long before they came into use in Greece. Systems of writing had been invented and developed for administrative purposes in both Egypt and Mesopotamia by c.3000 bc. While the ...
Cabinets de lecture

Cabinets de lecture  

In the eighteenth century, literary societies (cabinets de lecture, Lesegesellschaften) occupied a central position in several crucial social developments. In countries where the traditional social ...
circulating libraries

circulating libraries  

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Overview Page
A library with books lent for a small fee to subscribers; the first circulating library was set up in Edinburgh in the early 18th century, and in the 18th and 19th centuries the system proved ...
decoding ability

decoding ability  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
See also communication competence; receiver skills.1. Sometimes a synonym for competence in reading.2. A receiver's competence in establishing a preferred meaning for a message by applying social and ...
Greek Literacy

Greek Literacy  

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Overview Page
Greek literacy cannot be understood in isolation, but only in the context of earlier forms of literacy. Literacy, hard to define, always refers to the ability to decode marks on a surface that refer ...
Ian McEwan

Ian McEwan  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1948– ),novelist and short‐story writer, born in Aldershot, educated at the University of Sussex and the University of East Anglia. He displayed his gift for the macabre in his first short‐story ...
literacy

literacy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
1. The ability to read and write, contrasted with illiteracy. In looser usage this also includes basic arithmetical competence. Compare multimodality; oracy.2. Functional literacy: a level of minimal ...
Literary Theory

Literary Theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Theoretical approaches to literature are as old as Aristotle; they include in France the poetics of classicism and the lessons of rhetoric. The term ‘literary theory’, however, came into favour ...
literature

literature  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A body of written works related by subject-matter (e.g. the literature of computing), by language or place of origin (e.g. Russian literature), or by prevailing cultural standards of merit. In this ...
overcoding

overcoding  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
The high redundancy of broadcast codes associated with structurally simple, formulaic, and repetitive texts. Overcoding may lead to an overdetermined reading—to a stronger preferred reading. See also ...
palaeography

palaeography  

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Overview Page
Is the study of the history of writing upon papyrus (see papyrology), wax, parchment, and paper, while epigraphy deals with inscriptions carved in hard materials; from it we learn how to read old ...
preferred reading

preferred reading  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A concept used in relation to texts (typically in mass-communication genres) where the sender of a message consciously or unconsciously encodes it in ways which function to guide, limit, or control ...
print culture

print culture  

A conceptual term that identifies the distinct cultural impact made by print technology. The term was popularized by McLuhan, who believed that print culture exemplifies the triumph of the visual ...
reader-response theory

reader-response theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A view of literary interpretation associated with the American critic Stanley Fish. It holds that meaning does not reside in the text, but in the mind of the reader. The text functions only as a ...
receiver skills

receiver skills  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
The abilities of individuals to interpret verbal and nonverbal communication (involving listening, reading, and/or viewing). These range from simple comprehension to empathy, and include the ability ...
Representations of Reading

Representations of Reading  

In the Encyclopédie of Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d'Alembert, two entries by Louis Jaucourt define the reader and reading. The article “Lecteur,” after a neutral definition of a ...
Roman Literacy

Roman Literacy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Greeks traded extensively with the Etruscans in Italy, and the movement of the alphabet from Greece to Etruria, and from Etruria to Rome, was swift. Inscriptions from as early ...
Romanzo rosa

Romanzo rosa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Common term for popular romantic fiction [see Dandolo, Milly; Liala; Reading].
signifying practice

signifying practice  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
Signifying practices are the meaning-making behaviours in which people engage (including the production and reading of texts) following particular conventions or rules of construction and ...

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