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alphabet

alphabet  

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Overview Page
1. A particular sequential arrangement of a set of letters or other graphic symbols used to write a language in which these graphemes are used to represent the basic speech sounds or phonemes.2. A ...
books, Greek and Roman

books, Greek and Roman  

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Overview Page
Books existed in Egypt long before they came into use in Greece. Systems of writing had been invented and developed for administrative purposes in both Egypt and Mesopotamia by c.3000 bc. While the ...
Cabinets de lecture

Cabinets de lecture  

In the eighteenth century, literary societies (cabinets de lecture, Lesegesellschaften) occupied a central position in several crucial social developments. In countries where the traditional social ...
circulating libraries

circulating libraries  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A library with books lent for a small fee to subscribers; the first circulating library was set up in Edinburgh in the early 18th century, and in the 18th and 19th centuries the system proved ...
decoding ability

decoding ability  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
See also communication competence; receiver skills.1. Sometimes a synonym for competence in reading.2. A receiver's competence in establishing a preferred meaning for a message by applying social and ...
Greek Literacy

Greek Literacy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Greek literacy cannot be understood in isolation, but only in the context of earlier forms of literacy. Literacy, hard to define, always refers to the ability to decode marks on a surface that refer ...
Ian McEwan

Ian McEwan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1948– ),novelist and short‐story writer, born in Aldershot, educated at the University of Sussex and the University of East Anglia. He displayed his gift for the macabre in his first short‐story ...
literacy

literacy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
1. The ability to read and write, contrasted with illiteracy. In looser usage this also includes basic arithmetical competence. Compare multimodality; oracy.2. Functional literacy: a level of minimal ...
Literary Theory

Literary Theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Theoretical approaches to literature are as old as Aristotle; they include in France the poetics of classicism and the lessons of rhetoric. The term ‘literary theory’, however, came into favour ...
literature

literature  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A body of written works related by subject-matter (e.g. the literature of computing), by language or place of origin (e.g. Russian literature), or by prevailing cultural standards of merit. In this ...
overcoding

overcoding  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
The high redundancy of broadcast codes associated with structurally simple, formulaic, and repetitive texts. Overcoding may lead to an overdetermined reading—to a stronger preferred reading. See also ...
palaeography

palaeography  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Is the study of the history of writing upon papyrus (see papyrology), wax, parchment, and paper, while epigraphy deals with inscriptions carved in hard materials; from it we learn how to read old ...
preferred reading

preferred reading  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A concept used in relation to texts (typically in mass-communication genres) where the sender of a message consciously or unconsciously encodes it in ways which function to guide, limit, or control ...
print culture

print culture  

A conceptual term that identifies the distinct cultural impact made by print technology. The term was popularized by McLuhan, who believed that print culture exemplifies the triumph of the visual ...
read

read   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

read between the lines look for or discover a meaning that is implied rather than explicitly stated.

read my lips...

reader-response theory

reader-response theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A view of literary interpretation associated with the American critic Stanley Fish. It holds that meaning does not reside in the text, but in the mind of the reader. The text functions only as a ...
Reading

Reading   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
3,298 words

Readers are active participants in the production, circulation, and consumption of literary texts, and essential partners in the making of

Reading

Reading   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,370 words

as distinct from literacy, designates a variety of practices of scanning and comprehending written, engraved, or embossed symbols. In

Reading and Readers

Reading and Readers   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,050 words

Before there were readers there were listeners. In the case of Greece, a sophisticated literature, including lyric poetry and Homeric

Reading and Reading Practices

Reading and Reading Practices   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
3,737 words

Can the age of Enlightenment be characterized as that of a revolution in reading? Contemporaries would doubtless have responded affirmatively,

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