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bureaucracy

bureaucracy  

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[De]A type of organization marked by a clear hierarchy of authority, the existence of written rules of procedure, and staffed by full‐time, salaried officials. Often held to be one of the ...
capitalism

capitalism  

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An economic system in which the factors of production are privately owned and individual owners of capital are free to make use of it as they see fit; in particular, for their own profit. In this ...
Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Nietzsche  

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Philosophy
(b Röcken, 15 Oct. 1844; d Weimar, 25 Aug. 1900).German philosopher. His influence on 19th- and 20th-century thought has been profound. He first met Wagner in 1868 and under ...
industrial society

industrial society  

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A key element in modernity, it is important to distinguish the descriptive from the analytical uses of this term. At a descriptive level, an industrial society is simply one displaying the ...
labour process

labour process  

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Analysis of the labour process may be traced back to Karl Marx's interest in the means by which human labour is harnessed in the creation of products for human need. This process is seen to be ...
lifeworld

lifeworld  

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The taken-for-granted dynamic of everyday experience that largely happens automatically, without conscious attention or deliberate plan (Seamon in T. Mels, ed. 2004).
Max Weber

Max Weber  

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(1864–1920)German social scientist and political economist who became a founding father of modern sociology.Weber studied legal and economic history at several German universities. After a brief ...
McDonaldization

McDonaldization  

The author of this term, the American sociologist George Ritzer, defines McDonaldization as ‘the process by which the principles of the fast-food restaurant are coming to dominate more and more ...
modernity

modernity  

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Theories of modernity generally plot a shift from the traditional European societies of the Middle Ages to the political, cultural, and economic forms that characterize Western and, arguably, ...
modernization theory

modernization theory  

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The dominant explanation in the 1950s and 1960s of how broad-based economic and social development occurs. Modernization theory explained development as the result of the systematic rationalization ...
protestant ethic

protestant ethic  

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The set of values embodied in early Protestantism, which has controversially been linked to the development of modern capitalism, most famously in Max Weber's classic essays on The Protestant Ethic ...
religion

religion  

A structured system of doctrines of belief in a supernatural power, a system of spiritual beliefs and practices.
secularization

secularization  

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Religion
The process by which sacred beliefs are weakened over time, religion becomes less influential in social life, and scientific and other rationalist worldviews come to dominate both the understanding ...
sequence analysis

sequence analysis  

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A series of questions about how social processes are ordered, either temporally or spatially, together with the techniques for answering these.Many areas of sociology are concerned with events or ...
Sheldon Wolin

Sheldon Wolin  

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(1922 –)An American political scientist whose work has explored the nature of politics, power, and the public realm. Wolin works in a tradition of political theory marked by the ...
sociology of law

sociology of law  

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Overview Page
Law—rules of action or statutes established by authorities such as states—was a central object of theoretical and substantive concern to each of the founding figures of sociology.Although Karl Marx ...
Whig view of history

Whig view of history  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
Term coined by the historian Herbert Butterfield as the title of his book The Whig Interpretation of History (1931). The error is that of reading history as a progress, starting in some benighted ...

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