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Raphael

(1483—1520) Italian painter and architect

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Abraham Janssen

Abraham Janssen  

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(b c.1575; bur. Antwerp, 25 Jan. 1632).Flemish figure and portrait painter, active mainly in Antwerp. In 1598 and 1601 he is documented in Rome and by 1602 he was ...
Adolfo Venturi

Adolfo Venturi  

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(b Modena, 4 Sept. 1856; d Santa Margherita Ligure, nr. Genoa, 10 June 1941).The most distinguished Italian art historian of his generation. He taught at the university of Rome ...
Agnolo Bronzino

Agnolo Bronzino  

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(b Monticelli, nr. Florence, 17 Nov. 1503; d Florence, 23 Nov. 1572).Florentine Mannerist painter, the pupil of Pontormo, who virtually adopted him as a son and introduced his portrait as a child ...
Agostino Chigi

Agostino Chigi  

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(b Siena, 29 Nov. 1466; d Rome, 11 Apr. 1520).Italian banker and merchant, one of the greatest patrons of the Renaissance. The immensely wealthy Chigi was the leading financier in Europe (his family ...
Alexander Ivanov

Alexander Ivanov  

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(b St Petersburg, 16 [28] July 1806; d St Petersburg, 3 [15] July 1858).Russian painter. He studied at the St Petersburg Academy under his father, the painter Andrei Ivanov ...
Alfred Rethel

Alfred Rethel  

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(b Diepenbend, nr. Aachen, 15 May 1816; d Düsseldorf, 1 Dec. 1859).German painter and printmaker. His biggest work, a cycle of frescos from the life of Charlemagne (Town Hall, Aachen), was once much ...
Alfred Stevens

Alfred Stevens  

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(b Blandford Forum, Dorset, 31 Dec. 1817; d London, 1 May 1875).English sculptor, painter, and designer, the son of a house painter. With the assistance of the local clergyman ...
Ambrosiana

Ambrosiana  

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Milan. Picture gallery established in 1618 by Cardinal Federico Borromeo (see Crespi, Giovanni Battista) as a sister institution to the Ambrosian Library (Biblioteca Ambrosiana), which he founded in ...
Ambrosius I Francken

Ambrosius I Francken  

(1544–1618),(1540–1610), and(1542–1616),Flemish painters, members of a Flemish dynasty of painters that extended over at least five generations. The three brothers, whose work is amply represented in ...
Amico Aspertini

Amico Aspertini  

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(b Bologna, c.1475; d Bologna, ?19 Nov. 1552).Italian Mannerist painter, sculptor, and draughtsman, the best-known member of a family of artists from Bologna. Vasari describes him as having an ...
Andrea del Sarto

Andrea del Sarto  

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(b Florence, ?16 July 1486; d Florence, 28/29 Sept. 1530).Florentine painter. The epithet ‘del sarto’ (of the tailor) is derived from his father's profession; his real name was Andrea d'Agnolo. ...
Andrea Mantegna

Andrea Mantegna  

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(b ?Isola di Carturo, Piazzolo, nr. Padua, c.1431; d Mantua, 13 Sept. 1506).Italian painter and printmaker, the leading artist in northern Italy throughout most of his career. He was the pupil and ...
Andrea Palladio

Andrea Palladio  

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(1508–80).One of the most gifted, professional, and intelligent of architects working in Italy in C16, whose work provided the models for the Palladian style (Palladianism) and had a profound effect ...
Andrea Sacchi

Andrea Sacchi  

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(b ?Nettuno or Rome, c.30 Nov. [St Andrew's Day] 1599 or 1600; d Rome, 21 June 1661).Italian painter, one of the leading artists of his day in Rome. He was a pupil of Francesco Albani, but he was ...
Andrew W. Mellon

Andrew W. Mellon  

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(b Pittsburgh, 24 Mar. 1855; d Southampton, NY, 26 Aug. 1937).American businessman, public official, art collector, and philanthropist. A banker and steel, coke, and oil magnate, he became secretary ...
Annibale Carracci

Annibale Carracci  

(1560–1609),Italian artist, born in Bologna; he was the younger brother of Agostino Carracci and the cousin of Ludovico Carracci. As a young man in Bologna he specialized in genre ...
Anselm Feuerbach

Anselm Feuerbach  

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(b Speyer, 12 Sept. 1829; d Venice, 4 Jan. 1880).German painter. He studied in Düsseldorf, Antwerp, and Paris (with Couture), then lived in Italy from 1855 to 1873. His ...
antique

antique  

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Pertaining to Graeco-Roman Antiquity, or the Classical civilizations of the Graeco-Roman world.
Anton Raphael Mengs

Anton Raphael Mengs  

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(b Aussig, Bohemia [now Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic], 12 Mar. 1728; d Rome, 29 June 1779).German painter, the son of a court painter in Dresden, Ismael Mengs (1688–1764). His father brought him up ...
Antonio Barili

Antonio Barili  

(b 1453; d 1516).Italian intarsia designer, civil engineer, architect and engraver, was a native of Siena. From 1483 to 1502 he worked in Siena Cathedral, providing carving and intarsia ...

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